Gampr is Armenia’s traditional herd guard dog. Since the 1920s, when Armenia came under the control of the Soviet Union, a large number of dogs were transported to Russia, where they played an important role in the development of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, or Caucasian Ovarca.
Evidence of ancestors of this breed is traced back to at least 7,000 and possibly 15,000 BC. Ancient petroglyphs (carving or engraving on rocks), especially prevalent in the Gegama and Arneic Mountains of Armenia (today known as the Republic of Armenia), trace the evolution of breeds over time. 1,000 BC Petroglyphs show an anterior part of the carvings of gamps compared to other types of dogs; From this information, archaeologists have stated that the gamers had emerged as a race as a whole by this time in history and enjoyed preferential status in ancient culture. Other indications of the ancient existence of this breed are found in cultural references as well as other archaeological artifacts. Ancient myths and folklore about Gampr are well known among Armenians and date back to the end of the last ice age. For example, many stories surround the Armenian deity Aralez, a gamer-like dog who licks warriors’ wounds on the battlefield, bringing them back to life. Hieroglyphs, skeletons and pottery also lend to their early existence and importance in Armenian culture. The mausoleum, located in the basin of Lake Sevan, dates back to 1,000 BC. It was unearthed in the 1950s, and one of them found a complete dog skeleton as well as several dog skulls. Archealogists compared him to the people of modern Gampra and found him almost identical. In addition, images of dogs similar to the breed have been found on ancient pieces of pottery located at Lori Fortes.
Armenian gumps are large, powerfully made dogs, with well-muscular bodies and large heads. Their length is slightly more than their height, giving them a rectangular shape. Armenian gameprop males must be approximately 25, inches long, measuring from the ground to the withers; The height of women should be about 24 24 inches. The average weight of this breed is 132 pounds, but it varies according to height and length. The female must be at least 99 pounds. And men should be 110 pounds.
The Armenian gampre has a double coat, with a well developed under coat. The outer coat is rough, usually with short hair on the dog’s snout, ears and forearms. This roughness not only protects them from the cold, but also protects them from the fangs of their predators. Coat color variations allow them to blend into their particular environments.
However, brown or brown spots on the coat are undesirable. Armenian gumps are larger in mountainous areas, with longer coats, compared to those in lower regions with shorter coats.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 daysThe primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
They should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
This breed has boundless energy. They are highly intelligent and are required to do the job. Early socialization is necessary, and training at an early age is important. They are a strong powerful breed with incredible speed and need a lot of space to run. It is not a breed that thrives in a busy urban environment or suburbs unless it has a lot of activity, nor is it a breed for kenneling. He prefers to hang out, where his strong herring and safety instincts and his bond with his territory and his “people” keep him from escaping.
Armenian Gamprs are considered a healthy breed without any genetic health concerns. Based on breeds of relatively large or large size, it is expected that the average Armenian GMP will have a lifespan of 8–10 years.