The ranges are athletic, medium-sized frocks that stand 18 to 22 at the shoulder. Overall, the look is that of a muscular but agile worker who is living. Rough coats and smooth coats both come in a variety of colors and patterns.
Almond’s eyes focus on an intelligent expression – an intense gaze, the border’s famous “herring eye”, a breedmark. On the move, the borders are among the most agile, balanced and durable citizens of the Canine Empire.
Intelligence, athleticism, and trainability of the border are an ideal outlet in agility training. Doing a job to perform, such as agility – or herring or obedience work – is the key to range happiness. In between friends, they may be reserved with strangers.
During the glorious days of the Roman Empire, successors devised plans to invade and conquer Britain. But, for various reasons – revolts or shifting political conditions to other parts of the empire – the plans were sheltered. Finally, in the year 43, Emperor Claudius fulfilled this long dream of conquest.
The Roman occupation of Britain had considerable influence on almost every aspect of British life. It also included dog breeding. The occupying giants had brought along their own food source: livestock. And where livestock goes, dogs are sure to follow. Large, heavily-bonded herd dogs imported by the Romans remained a fixture on the British landscape for more than three centuries.
During the long, slow disintegration of the Roman Empire, furious Viking raiders took their turn to attack Britain. They also brought their dogs along. These were small, fast, Spitz-type herds, ancestors of such contemporary breeds as the Icelandic Sheepdog. The cross between the old Roman dogs and the Viking Spitz produced compact and agile herds, equipped with work stocks in the rocky highlands of the hills, Scotland and Wales. Thus began the history of border collie.
Borders is said to be the world’s largest cowboy, and anyone who sees them works – with their sweeping moves, their evasion will have to be agreed with stealth and creep, and their explosive burst of concentrated energy. When shepherds dream of a full dog, you can bet it on a range.
As immortalized in the film “Babe”, Borders has dominated competitive sheep trials in the British Isles for more than a hundred years. The boundaries also control the championship level of the fast-paced sport of agility, and they regularize the top list of the smartest drug breeds in the world.
Border Collie joined the AKC Herring Group in 1995.
The Border Collie is a well-balanced, medium-sized dog of athletic appearance, displaying style and agility in equal measure with sound and strength. Its rigid, muscular body bears the impression of effortless movement and endless endurance. Border collie is extremely intelligent, with its eagerness, alert expression is a very important feature of the breed. Any aspect of structure or temperament that will hinder a dog’s ability to act as a shepherd dog must be seriously flawed. Border Collie is, and should remain, a natural and unspectacular true working lamb described here. Honorable marks and broken teeth in the line of duty are acceptable.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
The breed has two types of coat. A thick coat is of medium length and feathery, while a smooth coat is short and thick. Both are dense, weather resistant double coats. Grooming is the same for both: go over the dog once or twice a week with a pin brush, keeping the coat free of mattes, tangles, dirt and debris when needed. During the shedding season, daily brushing is required. As with all breeds, BC’s nails must be trimmed regularly.
Early socialization with border collie is particularly important, entering a wide variety of people through seven months and positive contact with early pups. Obedience training, which initially begins and continues throughout BC’s life, will keep him happy and provide the necessary mental stimulation. Border Colleges are highly intelligent and highly trained and are superstars on canine activities such as herring, obedience and agility. Because of their propensity for herd animals and people, they do best with large, well-behaved children. They love their family but may be somewhat reserved with strangers.
This high-drive, athletic breed is extremely energetic and requires daily exercise beyond a quick walk around the block or a quick romp in the yard. They succeed when they have a place to work and a place to run. A border collie that does not work should be provided with vigorous exercise every day. Clearly, this is a breed for an active owner and not for someone who likes to stay indoors or who travels frequently from home. BC Often participate in herring events (and excel), not to mention obedience, agility, rally, and tracking competitions, and games such as flying discs and flyball.
Border collie should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
Border collie is usually a very hardy and healthy breed, and is a responsible breeder to screen for health conditions such as hip dysplasia, progressive renal atrophy, deafness, epilepsy, coli eye anomaly, neuronal seroid lipofuscinosis, and trapped neutrophil syndrome. Breeding will screen the stock. BC’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed regularly.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: