Origin: United Kingdom (Scotland, England, Wales)
Dog Breed Group: Pastoral (Herding Dog)
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 15-25, Female: 13-24
Height: Male: 19-22, Female: 18-21
Origin of Name: The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed.
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During the glorious days of the Roman Empire, successors devised plans to invade and conquer Britain. But, for various reasons - revolts or shifting political conditions to other parts of the empire - the plans were sheltered. Finally, in the year 43, Emperor Claudius fulfilled this long dream of conquest.
The Roman occupation of Britain had considerable influence on almost every aspect of British life. It also included dog breeding. The occupying giants had brought along their own food source: livestock. And where livestock goes, dogs are sure to follow. Large, heavily-bonded herd dogs imported by the Romans remained a fixture on the British landscape for more than three centuries.
During the long, slow disintegration of the Roman Empire, furious Viking raiders took their turn to attack Britain. They also brought their dogs along. These were small, fast, Spitz-type herds, ancestors of such contemporary breeds as the Icelandic Sheepdog. The cross between the old Roman dogs and the Viking Spitz produced compact and agile herds, equipped with work stocks in the rocky highlands of the hills, Scotland and Wales. Thus began the history of border collie.
Borders is said to be the world's largest cowboy, and anyone who sees them works - with their sweeping moves, their evasion will have to be agreed with stealth and creep, and their explosive burst of concentrated energy. When shepherds dream of a full dog, you can bet it on a range.
As immortalized in the film "Babe", Borders has dominated competitive sheep trials in the British Isles for more than a hundred years. The boundaries also control the championship level of the fast-paced sport of agility, and they regularize the top list of the smartest drug breeds in the world.
Border Collie joined the AKC Herring Group in 1995.