Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 11-13 years
Weight: Male: 25-41, Female: 24-40
Height: Male: 22-27, Female: 21-25
Origin of Name: The Bracco Italiano is an Italian breed of pointing dog.
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The Bracconi Italian has been called the oldest European indicator, and its history dates back to the fourth or fifth century BCE. Although the exact ancestral origin is unknown, it is generally accepted that the Brexo Italian was previously a cross between the Segugio Italian and the Asian Mastiff, which has since become extinct. The breed was developed in northern Italy with two different varieties: the white and orange color variety known from the Piedmont region and the Roan-and-Brown from Lombardy.
By medieval times, the breed had become well established and Italian aristocrats exported broccos to the Old World. The popularity of Brexo was at its peak during the Renaissance, and they remained in healthy numbers until the end of the twentieth century, when they faced a sharp decline.
By the late 1800s, Bracco Italiano faced extinction. Over the years, dogs were made too heavy to do their work as a result of crossing with hounds and poor breeding, and the breed was prone to various health problems. Assisted in diligent breeding selection and breed reconstruction. In the 1920s, it was decided to unite the two forms of the breed to preserve genetic diversity.
At first, the Piedmontese pointer was a dog of lighter build and color, and it originated in the Piedmont region of Italy, as its name suggests. This dog was used to work in the mountains, reflecting its deformation and temperament. Piedmont's dog was smaller than its counterpart in Lombardy, and its hunting style was reminiscent of some Western European points of view that it traveled with a Genti gallop. This dog was predominantly white, with or without orange markings.
Alternatively, the Lombard pointer was a rich brown cry and a heavier body type. This dog was used for hunting in marshy terrains, and was a strangling breed. These large dogs were banned for both their eye appeal and natural hunting ability.
Shortly after the breed was officially integrated, the working standard was written and released, and in 1949 the Societa Amatori Braco Colony was established in Italy. When the Italian Reform standard was published, it included both types of aspects, resulting in notable variability within the standard. The breed standard existed for over a century before it was compiled into this single document.
The Broca Italian was brought to the United Kingdom in the late 1980s, although the United States did not experience the Italian indicator until about 1994. In 2001, Bracco was accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Service. In 2005, the first national "Gathering" was held, and in 2007 the Braconi Club of America was established.