The Braque Saint-Germain is a breed of French dog to be described as a native. Developed by crossing the English pointer with the Brac francis (Gascogne), the Brac was the most popular of the French pointing breeds in the Saint-Germain show ring until the First World War. Braque Saint-Germain later experienced many rises and falls. Since that time, popularity has been approaching extinction many times. The modern breed is known for combining a highly standardized appearance with extreme hunting abilities. Braque Saint-Germain is also known as Saint-Germain Pointer, Saint-Germain Pointing Dog, French Pointer (Saint-Germain) and French Pointing Dog (Saint-Germain).
Braque Saint-Germain was first developed in the 1800s, although its ancestors can be traced back several centuries. Brac Saint-Germain is the result of crossing the English pointer and Brac Frankis (Gascogne); Breeds with history that go back as far as 1600, and probably for several centuries. The British pointer is believed to have been developed by crossing the Spanish pointer with the British Gundog, Hound, and heroin breeds. Brac francis (Gascogne) is thought to have evolved from the Span de-Oysel or Spanish and Italian pointy dogs. The English particularly liked their dogs, and the English pointer became the fastest and most capable of all pointing dogs, although it was not skilled in any other tasks. On the other hand, the French preferred their dogs to be able to perform many tasks, and Brac Frankis (Gascogne) was able to perform many more tasks than his English counterpart, such as retrieving and flushing, though It was a less talented indicator. . Another major difference between the two breeds was color. The English pointer was predominantly white in color, with darker markings, while the Brac francis (Gascogne) was predominantly white with brown in color.
With the advent of more modern technology in the late 1700s, it became easier to ship dogs between countries. At the same time, the economies of European countries were increasingly interlinked. After Napoleon’s final defeat at Waterloo in 1815, the French monarchy was temporarily restored to power. In 1824, Charles X claimed the French throne. Like most of the French upper class, Charles X was an avid hunter who was particularly fond of bird hunting. Shortly after taking the throne, Charles X was presented with two English pointers, a male named Stop and a woman named Miss. These dogs were reportedly imported to France and given to the king by Alexander de Girardin, the French chief enemy. Royal Court. These dogs were considered excellent hunters by many. In fact, the famous French dog-expert Adolf de Ru, who personally hunted with more than 200 dogs, claimed the miss was “”far better than our brakes.””
Unfortunately for King Charles X, his reign proved very unpopular and he was forced to leave in 1830 in the wake of a large-scale rebellion. Their royal kennels were divided and sold. He died before closing, but Miss was able to produce several litters. Miss Co, Chief Inspector of the Compagné Forest located north of Paris. D. Laminat was sold. Miss A dog was initially described as a “”Brown German Spaniel””, but puppies from this litter were thought to be of lesser quality. Miss’s second litter was sealed by a brown and white brac named Frankis (Gascogne). Zamor was counted near the Count de l’Eagle and was considered an excellent bird dog. The litter carried 7 puppies, four of which were white with orange markings and pink noses. These dogs proved to be such excellent hunters that Zamor and Miss were bitten many more times. M. D. Lamirat distributed these puppies to friends, co-workers and those willing to pay for them. Adolphe de Rue personally bought a man and a woman from Zamor and Miss, and he thought that many of them were similar to his mother.
At the time when Miss and Zamore were producing offspring for the first time, it was a common practice for forest officials to move around. Many of Compagné’s forest officers moved to the Saint-Germain Forest, west of Paris. The striking orange and white appearance of these dogs immediately attracted the attention of Parisian hunters. The breed quickly became very fashionable in the French capital, and it first became known as Braque Saint-Germain at this time. From the 1830s to the 1850s, Braque Saint-Germain was one of the most popular, valuable, and breeds in Paris and its surroundings. The breed was at the height of its popularity at the same time that dog shows were first started in England to France. The Bracke Saint-Germain was the most exhibited breed at the first French dog show held in Paris in 1863. The elegant and beautiful Bracke Saint-Germain became one of the most popular breeds at the French Dog Show for many decades, and was the most exhibited and respected Brac breed until World War I.
Eventually this popularity began to harm the breed. Unscrupulous salesmen began selling other dogs as Braque Saint-Germain, and even more dishonest dog show handlers began displaying other breeds under the name Braque Saint-Germain. In particular, many English pointers were passed on as break-st Germans.
The Brac St. Germain is very similar to the English pointer, although it clearly shares some characteristics with other French pointers. In general, this breed is highly refined and is said to “”look like a purebred dog.”” It is a medium to a large breed. Males typically stand between the shoulders of 22 and 24½ long, and females typically stand between 21 and 23½ . Breed members weigh 40 to 60 pounds on average in good condition. This breed is intermediate in body type between the English pointer and other French brakes. It is very well muscled and lithe, but usually slightly heavier that the English pointer. This breed is a Working Dog and should always be seen as such. Braque Saint-Germain should be completely free from any facilities that would hamper its work capacity. The tail of this breed is low-set, broad at the base, and tapers to a sharp point. The tail of this breed is of medium length and it should be taken straight out of the body when the dog is in motion.
The head is slightly round with a prominent eyebrow over the Braque Saint-Germain eyes. With most pointers the head connects more easily to the muzzle, but the two are still relatively distinct. The muzzle itself is quite long, approximately the same length as the skull. The bridge of the nose is either straight or slightly convex. The lips of this breed completely cover the lower jaw, but are usually not noticeable. The nose of the Brac-Saint Germain is one of the defining characteristics of the breed. It should always be pink in color, broad in width, and have well-opened nostrils. Braque Saint-Germain’s eyes are large, well opened and golden yellow. The ears of this breed are rounded at one level with the eye, of medium length, and at the ends. These ears are closed, but should be slightly removed from the head. The overall expression of most Brac Saint-Germans is gentle and friendly.
The coat of Braque Saint-Germain is the feature that has historically defined the breed the most. Like most pointing dogs, this breed has a short, smooth, coat that should not be too fine. Braque Saint-Germain is found only in an acceptable color pattern. This dog should always be dull white with orange (sometimes referred to as fawn) markings. These marks can be of any shape and size but are usually large and either round or oval. Some stickiness is acceptable, but very limited. Ears should be predominantly orange / fawn, although some white is tolerated. In general, greater amounts of white color are generally preferred. Occasionally, a Braque Saint-Germain is born with an alternate color, such as with a black color in the coat. Such dogs are either disqualified or punished in the show ring and should not be bred, but otherwise make excellent companions and Working Dogs as members of other breeds.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
This breed is classified as “”somewhat active””, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.
They should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, freshwater must be available at all times.