Dog Breed Group: Extinct
Life Span: 9-11 years
Weight: Male: 30-32, Female: 28-30
Height: Male: 20-23, Female: 21-22
Origin of Name: The Bullenbeisser, also known as the German Bulldog, is an extinct breed of dog known for its strength and agility.
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Much is certainly not known about the early history of Bullenbeisser, but the breed had a very long history in the lands of the Holy Roman Empire, a group of thousands of different political bodies, once all or part of modern day Belgium. , Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, France, Italy, Slovenia, Poland, Austria, Switzerland and the Czech Republic. The breed was mainly kept by the Germans, Dutch, Flemish and Frisians, speakers of very closely related languages that until recent centuries were all considered one people. Bullenbesser was originally a type of mastiff, introduced into German-speaking lands from France, Italy, England, or possibly the Roman Empire. Although each member of the family is different, most mastiffs are large or over-sized, with a brachycephalic (pushed into the head), and strong protective instinct. It is unclear when the Mastiffs were first introduced in Germany, but this was almost certainly during the Late Roman period or the Dark Age.
Initially, German mastiffs were similar to other dogs of their type. Over the centuries, they diverged as a result of varying local reproductive preferences. In most of Western Europe (with the notable exceptions of Gascany and Naples) the Mastiff was mainly used as a war and / or property protector. Such dogs were usually attached to a chain for the rest of their lives, or at least during days. These animals were quite powerful in size and extremely powerful, but also became lazy and immoral. In contrast, the Germans preferred to use their mastiff for hunting. These were the only dogs with the power, vigor, and intelligence to hunt the largest and most dangerous prey found in Europe; Pigs, bears and wolves. German farmers also discovered that these dogs were both fast enough to be powerful enough to catch a reorganized bull or hog and until they could catch or kill it. As a result of being used for more physically demanding purposes, German mastiffs became less heavy than similar breeds, but more athletic, energetic, physically capable, and motivated.
At some point, German hunters crossed their mastiffs with an eighth wound, presumably Irish wolfheads imported from the British Isles. The resulting dog was ideally suited for pig hunting, named the Boer Hound. Better known as Doggen, Deutsch Dogge, or Great Dane, the Boer Hound gradually became Germany's premier large game hunting breed. While older, more traditional-looking mastiffs continued to be used for hunting, it became more specialized as a working farm dog. Dogs were usually pitted against either bulls or bears for sport, known as bull-biting and bear-biting, respectively. Eventually, the original form of the mastiff became smaller and more athletic than before. This breed is known as either the barnibizzer or in Dutch as the Bullenbeiser (Bullenbeijter), meaning ""bear beater,"" and ""bull beater.""
For the existence of the Bullenbesser, the Holy Roman Empire was made up of hundreds of independent states, ranging in size from a small town to the nation of Austria. Each of these states was governed in a different way, some were democratic, others were duchies, and some were directly controlled by the Roman Catholic Church. Never mind, the ruling classes of many of these political bodies Kept the kennels of the Bullenbeissers for hunting and warfare, and farmers and butchers throughout the empire did, however, usually to capture livestock. As a result of this political and geographical division, several different localized versions of the Bullenbesser were developed. One such variety was Brabourne, named for its homeland Duke of Brabant, which was divided between modern Belgium and the Netherlands. Brabantar was similar to other bullbearers, but much smaller than most others. Beginning in the late 1500s, the Dutch provinces became a major maritime power. Bullenbeissers with Dutch sailors and settlers around the world. In 1652, Jan van Rebike brought a Bullenbeijer with him when he founded Capstad (Cape Town), now the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. Subsequently, many other Bullenbearers were imported into the Cape Colony, where the breed had a major impact on the development of the Rhodesian Ridgeback and the Boerbell. It is generally evidenced that Bullebenisser and the English Bulldog have sometimes been traversed throughout history and influenced each other's development. However, there appears to be no evidence to support this.
In the early 15th century, major technological and cultural changes began to occur in Europe. The number of states in the Holy Roman Empire decreased dramatically as big politics began to consume small people. Live size
The Ottoman nobility shrunk, meaning fewer and fewer people could afford to keep a kennel of Bullenbeissers. At the same time, the German population increased by a factor of manifold. This resulted in greater urbanization and significantly less land was able to support the big game. The combination of these factors may have caused many hunting breeds to become extinct. However, Bullenbeisser was valuable for so many purposes that it continued unabated. Mainly kept by working farmers and butchers who can ill afford to feed dogs on a large scale, the breed continued to shrink in physical size. One saving grace for Bullenbesser in relation to greater urbanization was that it also increased crime rates, leading to increased demand for Guard Dogs. The end result was that a growing number of German urban-dwellers began placing Bullenbasser for personal and property protection. The demand for smaller and more affordable conservation dogs meant that Brabanter became increasingly popular, and gradually began to replace other varieties of Bullenbeisser. Very low shipping costs meant that Germany was able to import dogs from all over the world. Perhaps the most popular of these imports was the English Bulldog, a much different animal at the time, more similar to today's American Bulldog than the modern English breed. Lit, energetic, and unstoppable in battle, the English Bulldog performed the same functions as the Bulbebesser, but was smaller, heavier, and came in a wide variety of colors. To improve their dogs, many Bullenbesser breeders began crossing their dogs with English bulldogs. Before it was a particularly fawn or brindle breed with or without black markings, the English Bulldog introduced a white coat for the Bullenbeisser. Other breeds were also probably crossbred with the Bullenbisser, such as the Bull Terrier, the English White Terrier, and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. At the same time, technology had begun to take traditional functions of Bullenbeissers, and new breeds such as the German Shepherd Dog were playing their roles as a security and police dog. By the end of the 19th century, the traditional Balenbeisser was becoming increasingly rare and was likely to die slowly.
In the late 1800s, the dog show was becoming an increasingly popular pastime with European upper-classes. This surge in popularity is associated with a tidal wave of German nationalism inspired by the unification of Germany, led by Ottoman von Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm, the Prussian strongmen. There was a desire for standardization of indigenous breeds in Germany. Many fans decided to standardize Bullebeisser, and return it to its ancestral form before the introduction of the English Bulldog blood. These efforts were concentrated in Munich, and resulted in the creation of a standardized breed known as the Boxer. The first Boxers were probably 50% Bullenbeissers and 50% English Bulldogs. For several reasons, breeders favored the introduction of increasing amounts of Bullenbeisser blood. Many of the previous Bullenbeissers joined the boxer's Bloodline, which eventually became 70% Bullenbeisser and 30% English Bulldog. However, the use of bullbenbearers in the manufacture of boxers meant that fewer were available for breeding bullenbeissers. The boxer itself became so popular in Germany that it completely replaced the old Bullenbeisser. By the end of World War II, the Bullenbeiser had become completely extinct as an independent breed, but could have become nearly extinct before the end of World War I.
In modern days, some have stated that the only true descendant of the now extinct Bullenbesser is the American Pitbull Terrier (APT); A theory that is at the very least uneducated and most insecure by the known history of APT. While there may be a connection between the APT and the ancient Barnbeiser or Bullenbeisser (meaning, ""bear beater,"" and ""bull beater"", respectively), this connection is based entirely on the theory that the Bullebesser and the English Bulldog sometimes Throughout history, they were influencing each other's development. However, there is no evidence to support this, and even if this were indeed the case, the relationship between the modern APT and the Büllbenisser would have been diluted by the cross between the English bulldog to the point of non-existence and In the meantime fighting obstacles by the English dog fighters in their quest to make the ultimate fighting dog in 1840; A crossing that would result in the birth of the now extinct Bull and Terrier (the primary ancestor of modern APT).
A popular pit fighting dog of the 19th century, the Bull and Terrier breed would begin to split into two branches by 1860 (two decades after its creation), the pure white bull terrier and the colored form that would eventually be recognized as legitimate.
The breed of dog is called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Modern Staffordshire Bull Terrier being one of three breeds, as well as classifying American Staffordshire Terrier and American Pit Bull Terrier as Bully Breed; A group often collectively called Pit Bulls. There is much debate as to the relationship of the three breeds, with some saying they are completely different breeds, and others saying that they are only varieties of a single breed. Whatever their relationship, and whether or not they closely resemble the ancient Bullenbeisser, they are in themselves a distinct genetic group, not the modern rebirth of Bullenbeisser.
Other modern breeds believe that either the Bullenbeisser has a good relationship or is a good representation of them, including the aforementioned boxer, 70% Bullenbeisser and 30% English Bulldog mixes; The Great Dane which can trace about half of that breed, and the Boerboel and Rhodesian Ridgeback who descended partly from the Bullenbeisers brought to South Africa along with the Dutch colonists. Batter Bulldogis, also created by Todd Trip of southeast Ohio in the 1990s, is also commonly referred to as a fine modern recreation of Bullenbeisser. Additionally many authorities on the subject feel that the current Spanish Bulldog (Alano Español) and the very similar Dogo Argentino provide almost identical modern representations of Bullenbisser, not only in appearance but also in use."