Origin: Middle East (Lebanon - Israel)
Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 20-25, Female: 15-20
Height: Male: 20-24, Female: 19-23
Origin of Name: The Canaan Dog, also known as Palestinian Pariah Dog, is a breed of pariah dog originating from the Middle East.
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The Canaan Dogs are named for the region that is today Israel, Lebanon, and parts of the border countries. For the Israelites of biblical times, herds and herds were at the heart of daily existence. Livestock was kept for food, leather, and wool, but also for use in sacrificial rituals that had been in place for centuries. Many references to sheep and shepherds in Christian, Hebrew, and Muslim scriptures point to the centrality of pastoral life to ancient Semal cultures.
The artifacts dating back some 4,000 years look like dog inscriptions, which look very much like canons, but when the breed was developed is one of those canine milestones that disappeared in history's rearview mirror Have become. We can assume that for thousands of years these dogs were shepherds' helpers whose tasks included shepherding, felling, and guarding.
The important point of the known history of the breed occurred in the year 70. It was then that the Romans, after decades of their uneasy occupation of Judea, destroyed Jerusalem and drove the Israelites throughout the Middle East and the Mediterranean basin. With their owners gone and their flocks scattered, the Canaan Dogs took refuge in the Negev Desert, where they survived and, for the most part, survived unquestionably until the 20th century.
During the years that laid the foundation for the state of Israel, sentry dogs were required to patrol in isolated ghettos and train as K-9s for the fleeing Israeli army. Dr. Rudolfina Menzel, an Austrian gynecologist living in Palestine, proposed the semi-wild dogs of the desert on the assumption that only the fittest could survive such a harsh existence. So began the redevelopment of the Canaan dog.
Desert dogs proved to be luminous and highly trained, and they were soon earning their fodder in the form of sentries, messengers, service dogs, and minefields. After World War II, Menzel began breeding and training Canaan's Peacock Pursuit as guide dogs for the blind.
A breed that had been dependent on itself for nearly 2,000 years, Canaan dogs still retained the self-sufficiency of untouched desert dogs from changing fashion since Abraham first led herds to the land of Canaan.