Origin: United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 14-25, Female: 13-24
Height: Male: 12-13, Female: 11-12
Origin of Name: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small breed of spaniel classed in the toy group of The Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club.
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Toy Spaniels were the province of European nobility, at least since the Renaissance period. Two 17th-century British emperors, King Charles I and his son Charles II, were particularly devoted to the black and tan type of toy spaniel, which was eventually named in the latter's honor. According to the famed litterateur of the Restoration era, Samuel Pepes, Charles II was more concerned with the breeding of the Spaniards than the ruler of Britain. The Toy Spaniel remained a major favorite of the British aristocracy in the early 19th century. His upper-earth side of this era was the Marlborough family, who banned a line of red-and-whites at the Blenheim Palace. Later in the century, at the age of Victoria, the breed was crossed with Asian toys, probably pugs and Japanese chins, and became what is known in the US as the English Toy Spaniel (or, in the United Kingdom, the King Charles Spaniel).
This new style toy spaniel had a domed skull and a flatter face than Charles's time. Before long, this type was dominated, and the traditional toy spaniel of the Restoration was almost extinct - but not forgotten.
The fanciers of the 1920s wondered if there still existed the old type of toy spaniels immortalized in the paintings of the ancients, hanging in the plush hall of the British jagir. A wealthy American named Roswell Aldridge offered cash prizes to British breeders who could produce ""Blenheim Spaniels of the Old World type"". The possibility of prize money prompted the breeders to revive the old style. These dogs were dubbed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. (The name Cavalier is outspoken for the monarchical party that supported the Stuarts during the Civil War, which cost me the head.)
The breed is notable for its four different color patterns, each of which, at times, was associated with a particular noble family: blenheim (chestnut marks on a white bacround), tricolor (black markings on a white bacround), black And tan (black with tan markings), and ruby (a rich red).