Origin: Czech Republic
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 30-31, Female: 22-25
Height: Male: 24-26, Female: 23-24
Origin of Name: The Český Fousek is a Czech breed of versatile hunting dog that was traditionally and currently used to hunt, point, and retrieve.
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In the land currently known as the Czech Republic, there existed an ancient kingdom called the Kingdom of Bohemia. It is here that the Cesky Fawkak breed will see its origins. Ancient paintings have been found depicting Bohemian wire-haired pointer and by the Middle Ages, the Bohemian Empire had a Hunting Dog, known as the Bohemian Water Dog. In these times, the Bohemian king and the emperor of Rome were the same. The young ruler, Charles IV, was educated by a man named Willem Zajic. Zajic wrote a letter that would be an early reference to the Cesky Fawkak breed. He wrote: ""In 1348, Emperor Charles IV presented Marrad Ludwig von Bredenberg as a number of capable Hunting Dogs called Canis bohemicus.""
In these early times, Canis bohemicus was the only wire-operated Hunting Dog in Europe, and it is therefore believed that the breed may be the producer of this canine type. A later reference to the early Cesky Fosk type was made around 1724, in a book called Der Volkomine Toothsche [Deutsche] Jäger (""The Complete German Hunter""). This two-volume encyclopedia was written by Johann Friedrich von Fleming, and describes a type of dog, not necessarily a specific breed when it mentions a thick-haired pointer from Bohemia that is primarily Se was used for the work performed in water.
Although a reference to Bohemia with a dog, with thick hair and a particular talent for waterworks has been seen throughout history, the Cesky Fosch breed was not clearly recognized until 1883, when Joseph Willem Serny of Hunters Wrote Huntsmanship-Handbook and Hunting Friend. Cerny describes a Czech rough-haired dog and specifically identifies it as being a pointer. This is the first such reference made from the Cesky Faulk. Cerny called the dog in his book ""Cesky Ohr"".
The term ""fosk"" was not used until three years later, when it is found in a Czech registry of purebred dogs. At that time, thick-haired pointed dogs were called phosxes. Fousek is derived from the word ""fousy"" which means facial hair / mustache and is a reference to the body texture of the breed. Later that year, a group of hunters and breeders of rough-haired pointer from Bohemia would form a club to breed. They would call it ""Society for Rough-Haird Pointer-Cesky Fosk-Off located in Pisek, Czech Kingdom"". This would be the first use of the combined name Cesky Fosk.
At this time there was a lot of inbreeding among Hunting Dogs; Therefore the breed of early Cesky Fosk was of a greater type than the pure breed of dog. Despite this fact, the breed was highly valued by hunters in their homeland, as well as hunters in countries around Austria and Germany. Overtime, the Cesky Fosk would become a popular hunting companion throughout Europe. Prior to World War I (WW I), the Cesky Fosk was the most commonly used wirehead indicator dog in the Czech Republic region, which is now the Czech Republic.