Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 10-15 years
Weight: Male: 2-2.5, Female: 2-2.5
Height: Male: 8-8.5, Female: 8-8.5
Origin of Name: The Coton de Tuléar is a breed of small dog named for the city of Tuléar in Madagascar.
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The Cotons de Tulear, named for the port city of Tulier, was once the favorite lapdog of the nobles of Madagascar. The island nation is located approximately 250 miles from the southeastern coast of Africa, but the population is not primarily related to Africans but to the people of Indonesia. Due to a bond with France that resulted from pre-colonial rule, Madagascar developed strong ties with the French-speaking countries of West Africa. French is still widely spoken by Malagasy elites, hence their little doggy French accent.
The island's elites were jealous of their drunken little comedians, even passing laws that restricted the ownership of cotton to the common people. One dog historian wrote, ""They were very reluctant to allow their pets to leave the island.""
The Cotton de Tulier's AKC breed standard begins with a tantric emphasis: ""In Madagascar, the Coton de Tuller survived in packs in the jungle, later becoming the Companion Dog of the natives and the marina tribal nobles."" The standard falls short to explain how these delightful lapdogs wound themselves on an isolated island. There are fictional tales of a shipwreck from Madagascar and how a cargo of small white dogs swam for safety, built a wild animal, and worked with local dogs to make cottons. (This is a wonderful story, and it can also be true. It is known that, in the ancient world, small white Companion Dogs, such as the Maltese, were particularly frequent bans by maritime traders around the Mediterranean and North Africa Were given.)
Cotton lived in its splendid isolation until the 1960s, when French tourists discovered the breed. It was an immediate hit in Europe, where generations of selective breeding refined the breed in Coton as we now know. AKC registered its first Cotons de Tulear in 2014.