East Siberian Lyca, West Siberian Lyca, Carlo-Finnish Lyca and Russo-European Lyca are part of a group of Russian dog breeds considered the Spitz type. The term spitz as it is commonly used is a type of dog characterized by thicker, longer and more often white fur, with pointed ears and mitsubish, and a tail that is usually over dogs.
Although the exact origin of the Spitz type dogs is unknown, it is believed that all dogs of this type originate in the Arctic regions today. Genetic testing of Spitz-type dogs has found that dogs in this group are most closely related to wolves, and are thus considered to be some of the oldest types of dogs. It is thus proven that it was the ancestor of these Spitz-type dogs that lived with wolves, and from that point human selective breeding leads us to the variety of dogs present in this category today.
Being of such a primitive northern breed, the former Siberian Lyca retains its wild ancestor wolf traits both in appearance and behavior. Although all Laika are considered to be versatile Hunting Dogs, each breed of Laika became more or less specialized to perform a certain task depending on their use and the environment in which they lived.
In populated areas in the early 19th century, hunters began using specialized eared eagle breeds, the laeca was almost lost through genetic infection and uncontrolled interbreeding with scented wounds, sithuds, and bird dogs.
As a result, there were few sparsely populated villages at the extreme end of the purely Laikas, with the country’s northern provinces remaining. As purely Lyca numbers began to decline near extinction levels, the Russians stepped in with a breeding program to protect the prey Laika from extinction. This was accomplished by importing some of the remaining purebreds from these outlying regions throughout Russia to reestablish pure lines.
As a result of this newly established controlled lyca breeding program, four individual breeds of lyca were established and recognized as pure breeds in the period between 1930 and 1950, these were the Carlo-Finnish Lyca, Russo-European Lyca, West Siberian Lyca and East Siberian Lyca.
Although the hunting style of each lyca is generally similar, each specific breed of lyca brings with it its advantages relative to the geographical conditions of their country of origin and the most popular sport in that region.
It would be impossible to draw a line on a map illustrating the distribution of East Siberian Lyca relative to the West Siberian Lyca, due to the fact that the ancestors of the West Siberian Lyca (Mansi and Hanti strains of Lyca) are also inhabited. Eastern Siberia. However, the Russian east near the Amur River basin and sea area were large, hard-built lycas used for hunting all kinds of game and pulling sleds. It was the dogs of the region who were later recognized as pure Eastern Siberian lycra.
It was during the 1960s and 19’s that a systematic breeding program for the eastern Siberian Lyca was established in a government kennel, located in Siberia’s largest city of Irkutsk, as well as in Leningrad. In 1979, the All-Russian Stud Book of Hunting Dogs reported that only 39 pure former Siberian Lycas were recorded.
It was in Irkutsk kennel, that there were two major breeding males purchased from these Far East provinces as purebreds to rebuild the breed. There was a large powerful male ‘Zulbers’, with a sable patterned scarlet black coat, and another large powerful male ‘Bulaka’ with a black and white coat. In Leningrad, pure East Siberian Lycas were also being used to reestablish the breed, but these dogs had a lighter tapered head and a longer wedge-shaped muzzle similar to the West Siberian Lyca. The result was some variation among the purebred former Siberian Lycus that still persists today, and although this breeder may not do well for the show breeder, it was beneficial to the overall genetic health of the breed.
The East Siberian Lyca is used for the largest hunting of the Russian Lyca, a large, strong dog that is not only capable of hunting, but also has the strength and endurance to pull sleds along with it. Males are usually 22–24 , with females slightly shorter than 21–24 in length, with a reproductive weight of 45–70lbs. The base of the spine should be one shorter than men and women should be half an shorter.
The coat forms a ruff around the head with straight head guard hair and a thick, thick woolen undercoat. Rough will develop significantly more on males and will have a higher accentuation than females. The hairs on the tail should be full with longer hair than the body, especially the underside of the wing. The colors of the coat will vary to include all shades of black, black and white, gray, red or brown.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
Since the East Siberian Lyca has a thick double coat of fur, with a thick, thick, soft undercoat and a thick long topcoat, when you plan to give them in the house, some grooming and ritual brushing are necessary. is. The undercoat will be shed or “blown off” annually and for women it may occur twice a year. Dogs living in warmers have a tendency to shed water throughout the year. To take care of your former Siberian lycra you will need to keep a lot of dog hair on the furniture and carpet, and float in the air during these shedding sessions that can last up to three weeks or longer. You can reduce your loose hair with regular brushes and grooming sessions at these times.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
This breed is classified as “”somewhat active””, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.
They should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, freshwater must be available at all times.
Eastern Siberian licas are some of the healthiest dogs in the world. There are currently no serious hereditary health problems that are associated with them. However, minor abnormalities of all purebred dogs may occur in the eastern Siberian Lycas. Inadequate incidence of umbilical hernia and monorchidism (having only one testicle within the scrotum) has been observed among puppies.