The French bulldog resembles a bulldog in addition to the miniature bulldog, which has “”bat ears”” which are a trademark characteristic of the breed. The head is large and square, with heavy wrinkles over the small nose. The body is compact and muscular under a smooth, luxurious coat.
The bright, affectionate franchise is an attractive one. A few word dogs, the French do not bark much – but their alertness makes them excellent watchdogs. They happily adapt to life with singles, couples, or families, and do not require much outdoor exercise. They get on well with other animals and enjoy making new friends of the human variety. It is no wonder that the people of the city from Paris to Peoria swear by this huge entertaining and adventurous breed.
In the mid-1800s, a toy-shaped bulldog was found in some English cities, including Nottingham, which was a hub for lace making. The toy bulldog became a mascot for Nottingham’s lace makers. This was the height of the Industrial Revolution in England, and such “”cottage industries”” as lace-making threatened. Many in the lace trade migrated to northern France, and of course, they brought their toy bulldogs with them.
Small dogs became popular in the rural areas of France, where lace-makers were inhabited. Over several decades, toy bulldogs were crossed with other breeds, perhaps terriers and pugs, and along the way, developed their now-famous bat ears. He was named Bowldog Frank.
Paris eventually discovered the delightful new breed, and thus began the franchise’s reputation as the city’s dog par excellence. The breed was associated with Paris café life, and with Bon Vivants and fancy women who sought out the pleasures of the night at the Paris dancehall. Edgar Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec portrayed Frankie in Paris Denimonds paintings.
By the end of the 19th century, Frankie’s popularity had spread throughout Europe and America. Sales of this breed were difficult in England. The Bulldog was a national emblem, and it ranked many Britishers that their old rival, the French, would dare to adapt it for their purposes.
In the early 1900s American devotees contributed to the breed by stating that the bat ear, as opposed to the “”rose ear””, was the true Franchi type. It is from this distinctive feature that Franchi is instantly recognizable worldwide
The French Bulldog has a heavy bone, smooth coat, compactly built, and the presence of an active, intelligent, fleshy dog of medium or small structure. Expressions alert, curious, and interested. Any change other than deletion of Declav is considered a mutation and is a disqualification. Proportional and Symmetry – All points are well distributed and bear good relation to each other; None of the features is due to such excess or lack of quality that the animal appears in poor proportions.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
The franchise’s short coat sheds minimally. Weekly brushing with a medium-bristle brush, rubber grooming mitt or tool or hound glove will help remove shed hair and make them look their best. Brushing promotes new hair growth and distributes skin oil throughout the coat to help keep it healthy. The folds of a French face should be kept clean and dry. Nailshold of the franchise can be trimmed regularly, as long nails can cause pain.
Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. Exposing the puppy to a wide variety of people, places, and situations will help it develop into a well-adjusted adult. Puppy training classes act as part of the socialization process, promote good behavior, and help the owner identify and correct bad habits. French people have large personalities and may require a fair amount of training to make them decent companions. They can be stubborn, but they are happy at heart and so they are easy to train. Proper motivation (eg food) and making a game of process will ensure their cooperation.
A short walk or outdoor sports session with their owner each day should provide sufficient exercise to keep the French Bulldogs in shape. French people enjoy participating in canine sports such as obedience, agility and rally. However, as a flat-faced breed, they are prone to difficulty breathing and should never allow themselves to be exhaled in hot or humid weather.
High quality dog food suitable for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior) will contain all the nutrients that the breed needs. The French are obese, which can damage their body structure and place them at high risk for some of the breed’s health issues, so it is important to look at their calorie intake and weight. If you choose to give treatment to your dog, do so in moderation. Give table scarps sparingly, if at all, especially to avoid overeating cooked bones and foods. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet.
Due to their fore-heavy structure, Frenchmen cannot swim and should never be left near a tub, pool, or body of water. Like all flat-faced breeds, the French suffer from breathing problems and worsen in hot or damp weather. Breeds with flat faces are also more sensitive to anesthesia. The franchise also occasionally has eye conditions such as cherry eye, juvenile cataract, or penetration, and skin allergies and autoimmune skin disorders. A responsible breeder will take advantage of available tests to screen screen breeding stock for conditions that may affect the breed.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: