Origin: United Kingdom (England), France
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 10-12.5, Female: 10-12
Height: Male: 12-13, Female: 11-12
Origin of Name: The French Bulldog is a breed of domestic dog, bred to be companion dogs.
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In the mid-1800s, a toy-shaped bulldog was found in some English cities, including Nottingham, which was a hub for lace making. The toy bulldog became a mascot for Nottingham's lace makers. This was the height of the Industrial Revolution in England, and such ""cottage industries"" as lace-making threatened. Many in the lace trade migrated to northern France, and of course, they brought their toy bulldogs with them.
Small dogs became popular in the rural areas of France, where lace-makers were inhabited. Over several decades, toy bulldogs were crossed with other breeds, perhaps terriers and pugs, and along the way, developed their now-famous bat ears. He was named Bowldog Frank.
Paris eventually discovered the delightful new breed, and thus began the franchise's reputation as the city's dog par excellence. The breed was associated with Paris café life, and with Bon Vivants and fancy women who sought out the pleasures of the night at the Paris dancehall. Edgar Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec portrayed Frankie in Paris Denimonds paintings.
By the end of the 19th century, Frankie's popularity had spread throughout Europe and America. Sales of this breed were difficult in England. The Bulldog was a national emblem, and it ranked many Britishers that their old rival, the French, would dare to adapt it for their purposes.
In the early 1900s American devotees contributed to the breed by stating that the bat ear, as opposed to the ""rose ear"", was the true Franchi type. It is from this distinctive feature that Franchi is instantly recognizable worldwide