Origin: United Kingdom (Scotland)
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 30-35, Female: 25-30
Height: Male: 22-23, Female: 21-23
Origin of Name: The Golden Retriever is a medium-large gun dog that was bred to retrieve shot waterfowl.
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The most important name in the early history of the Golden Retriever is Dudley Marjoribank, the first Lord Tweedmouth, who developed the breed in the Scottish Highlands during the reign of Victoria. For 50 years between 1840 and 1890, Tweedmouth kept breeding records effective to create an ideal gundog for use in its Guysachan estate in Inverness-Shire, the Highlands of Scotland. Tweedmouth wanted a dog to adapt to the rainy climate and rugged terrain of the area, so he passed on his ""Yellow Retriever"" breed, now extinct, the Tweed Water Spaniel. Irish setter and bloodhound were also added to the mix.
""Through many generations of advanced historians"", a lauded historian wrote, ""Tweedmouth produced a coherent line of extraordinary retrievers."" With a little more refinement after Tweedmouth's time, the Golden Retriever came forward as a permanent gift for dogs of a hunting-happy elite.
Golden was first seen at a British dog show in 1908, and good specimens of the breed began arriving around the US, Canada, around the same time. Sport hunters praised the usefulness of the breed, fans of the show were thrilled with its beauty and dash, and were all impressed by Golden's sweet, sensible nature.
The Golden Retriever was praised in America from the beginning of its history, but the breed's popularity actually dates back to the 1970s, the era of President Gerald Ford and his beautiful Golden called Liberty.