The Golden Retriever is a strong, fleshy dog of medium size, famous for its dense, shiny coat of gold that gives the breed its name. It has friendly and intelligent eyes, small ears, and a broad head with a straight muzzle, a breedmark. In motion, the Goldens move with a smooth, powerful gait, and the feather tail is carried, as the fan of the breed says, with “”merry action””.
The most complete record of the development of the Golden Retriever is included in the record books, which were kept from 1835 to 1890 by gamekeepers at the estate of Lord Tweedmouth in Guisachan (pronounced Goiysikun) Equance-Shire, Scotland. These records were released to public notice in the life of the country in 1952, when Lord Tweedmouth’s nephew, the sixth Earl of Ilchester, historian and sportsman, published material that was left by his ancestors. He factually confirmed the stories handed down through the generations.
Golden is outgoing, reliable and eager-to-please family dog, and relatively easy to train. They take a joyful and playful approach to life and maintain this puppy behavior into adulthood. These energetic, powerful goons enjoy outdoor sports. For a breed built to receive waterfowl for hours to the end, swimming and fetching are natural pasts.
The most important name in the early history of the Golden Retriever is Dudley Marjoribank, the first Lord Tweedmouth, who developed the breed in the Scottish Highlands during the reign of Victoria. For 50 years between 1840 and 1890, Tweedmouth kept breeding records effective to create an ideal gundog for use in its Guysachan estate in Inverness-Shire, the Highlands of Scotland. Tweedmouth wanted a dog to adapt to the rainy climate and rugged terrain of the area, so he passed on his “”Yellow Retriever”” breed, now extinct, the Tweed Water Spaniel. Irish setter and bloodhound were also added to the mix.
“”Through many generations of advanced historians””, a lauded historian wrote, “”Tweedmouth produced a coherent line of extraordinary retrievers.”” With a little more refinement after Tweedmouth’s time, the Golden Retriever came forward as a permanent gift for dogs of a hunting-happy elite.
Golden was first seen at a British dog show in 1908, and good specimens of the breed began arriving around the US, Canada, around the same time. Sport hunters praised the usefulness of the breed, fans of the show were thrilled with its beauty and dash, and were all impressed by Golden’s sweet, sensible nature.
The Golden Retriever was praised in America from the beginning of its history, but the breed’s popularity actually dates back to the 1970s, the era of President Gerald Ford and his beautiful Golden called Liberty.
A symmetrical, powerful, active dog, sound and well put together, is not clumsy nor long in the foot, demonstrating a compassionate expression and a personality that is curious, alert and self-confident. Primarily a Hunting Dog, he should be shown in a hard-working position. Overall appearance, balance, gait and purpose must be emphasized more than any of its constituent parts. Any departure from the flaw-described ideal would be considered defective to the extent that it interferes with the purpose of the breed or is contrary to the breed character.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
The Goldens shed their thick, water-repellant double coats heavily once or twice a year, and they shed more moderate on a continuous basis. Most of the time, a good brush-out with a gleaming brush once or twice a week will remove a lot of dead hair before it has a chance to fall on the furniture. During heavy shedding, these brushing sessions change into daily affairs. A bath helps loosen dead hair, but the dog must be completely dry before the brush begins. Otherwise, Goldens need occasional baths to keep them clean. As with all breeds, Golden’s nails must be trimmed regularly.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. Gently exposing the puppy to a wide variety of people, places and conditions between the ages of seven weeks and four months will help Golden develop into a well-adjusted, well-behaved adult. Puppy training classes work as part of the socialization process and help the owner identify and fix any bad habits that may be developing. Obedience training strengthens the bond between the dog and the owner – a goldman wants nothing more than to please his human. Golden Retrievers are outgoing, loyal and eager to do your bidding, making them very easy to train.
Like most sporting breeds, goldens require a lot of daily exercise. A Golden who does not exercise enough is likely to engage in undesirable behavior. Goldons make great companions on long runs and bike rides, although it is advisable to consult a vet before starting strenuous or high-impact activities, which can cause stress on the dog’s bones and joints. Many Golden learns practice by participating in hunting trips or field trials, as well as canine sports such as agility, obedience, and tracking.
High-quality dog food suitable for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior) will contain all the nutrients that the breed needs. Some golden can be overweight, so check your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. If you choose to give treatment to your dog, do so in moderation. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Give very little to table scraps, if not at all, especially avoid cooked bones and foods with high fat content. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet.
Golden are generally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders will examine their breeding stock for health conditions including elbow and hip dysplasia, eye conditions such as juvenile cataracts, pigment uveitis, and progressive retinal atrophy; And some heart diseases, including subvelular aortic stenosis. Golden’s ears should be examined weekly for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed frequently.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: