Typical features of Havani include a curl-over tail and a gorgeous silky coat, which comes in a variety of colors. Some owners like to wear the coat the way the pulleys do, and others reduce it to dress. Happily, Heavens are just as beautiful no matter what hairdo you give them.
Their small but strong body, adaptable nature, and social skills make Havani an ideal city dog, but they are content to live anywhere that they can attract the attention of all, young and old. Havani, with a comic instinct of natal jester, is a smart and dog-driven natural trick dog. Havanese are also excellent watchdogs and take work seriously, but will usually keep barking to a minimum.
The Havanese (singular or plural, the name is the same) are from the ancient Bichon family of small white dogs and claim such breeds as potential racial ancestors such as Bichon frays and Maltese. Since the early days of human civilization, lively lapdogs of this type were intercepted worldwide by maritime traders. In all times and places, small, cunning dogs did no useful work, except among the lower social classes, among royals and aristocrats.
The Cuban nobles and wealthy planters originally had lapdog Havanese, named after the capital of Havana, where the breed benefited the most. Depending on the source, the pioneers of the breed were asked to be brought into the island nation by Italian sea captains or Spaniards accused of colonization of the New World in the 1600s.
Over the course of nearly 300 years in Cuba’s lap of luxury, the breed was refined, perhaps with poodle crosses, in today’s Havanese, once called Blancito de la Havana (Havana Silk Dog). The decisive event in the history of the breed coincided with the Communist takeover of Cuba in 1959. Many well-wounded Cubans who had fled Fidel Castro’s revolution brought their small dogs with them to America. With the help of American radicals, the refugees patronized Haveni and maintained them. The breed is now a popular choice for discerning pet owners worldwide.
Two of the world’s best-known authors were among the owners of Celebrity Havani. Ernest Hemingway fell under Haveni magic during his 20 years in Cuba. About a hundred years ago, Charles Dickens had a younger Havanese named Tim.
Haveni is a small, sturdy dog who is very attractive. A Cuban native dog, she is beloved as a friendly, intelligent and playful companion. He is tall to slightly tall with a long, indomitable, double coat. Haveni has a short upper arm with moderate shoulder layback and a straight topline, slightly raised from the waves to the crypt. The forward-tilted tail is tilted forward. The unique spring gait is a result of the breed’s structure and playful, upbeat personality. These characteristics of temperament, coat, structure and gait are essential for typing.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
Havans’ long, soft and silky coats need to be prepared daily to keep them free of mats and tangles. This can be done by gently running a comb or a soft brush on the dog while it is in your lap. Pet owners often take their dog’s coat on a shorter trim to reduce grooming time. Havanese should also be given a bath occasionally as per requirement. The corners of the eyes should be cleaned daily to prevent tear-stains of light colored hair in the area. Examine the ears frequently to remove excess wax or accumulated debris, and wipe the inside of the ear flap with a slightly moistened gauze or paper towel.
Havanese are highly intelligent and eager to please, and they are easily trained as long as you use only positive methods. This can be a sensitive breed, so care must be taken so that they do not scold them harshly. Socialization is very important from an early age. Peacefully expose them to new places and a wide variety of new people, always ensuring that experiences are positive and not intimidating. Gentle, patient training will result in an amazing Companion Dog. They are affectionate with people and get along with other non-aggressive pets.
Havanese require moderate exercise. They will benefit from a brisk daily walk or a fun game with their owner in the backyard, as they are happiest when they are with someone. Roaming indoors can also provide sufficient activity. Never over-exercise Havani of any age. If they are panting and struggling to keep up, then it is time to go home. Havanese do well in both homes and apartments, but they are not happy alone for hours at a time.
Havanese should be fed high quality dog food for their age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some Havanese may be at risk of becoming overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. If you choose to give treatment to your dog, do so in moderation. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Give very little to table scraps, if not at all, especially avoid cooked bones and foods with high fat content. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet.
Havanese are generally healthy and live long enough. There are a number of conditions that can cause breed disturbances, including eye disorders, chondrocydoplasia, deafness, heart murmur, leg-Calve-Parthes disease (which affects the hip joints), and patellar laxation. A responsible breeder gives health clearance on all breeding stocks. The Havanese Club of American Parents Awards for Dogs Passing and Registering Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) resulted in at least four specific health tests of the breed: an annual eye exam (CAER), an auditory test (BAER), a hip x-ray. , And patella (knee) certification.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: