Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 3-5, Female: 2-4
Height: Male: 11-13, Female: 10-12
Origin of Name: The Japanese Terrier, Nihon Teria) is a small terrier native to Japan.
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Around 1700, a small terrier-type dog was built in Japan during the Edo Era. This dog was the result of a primitive type of English smooth fox terrier and an out-cross breeding from Japanese native small breeds. The sleek Fox Terrier was brought into the country by Dutch sailors from Nagasaki, Japan, Netherlands. Several generations later, the offspring of small terrier-type dogs were bred for certain types of Italian greyhounds.
By the late 1900s, at the end of Meiji Era, some of these best dogs were seen in the Kobe streets, and were called ""Kobe Terriers"". The appearance of these ""Kobe Terriers"" was like a mixture of modern smooth Fox Terriers and Japanese Terriers. These dogs were the first terrier-type dogs to be banned in Japan. The dogs had many names such as ""Oyuki Terriers"" and ""Mikado Terriers"", and were kept by the Japanese as well as many foreigners.
Around 1916, in Nada Ward near Kobe, a dog named ""Kuro"" in Japanese meaning ""black"" was born to both English toy terriers and a toy bull terrier imported from the West. With the careful selection of breeding offspring from these offspring and ""Kobe Terriers"", a very short-haired, thin, small terrier type dog was born, known today as the Japanese Terriers. By 1930, his work with the breed helped develop a standard and was eventually recognized by the Japan Kennel Club. Japanese terriers did not become widespread until 1940, when they were seen in most major Japanese cities. Demand for this breed skyrocketed when these cities demanded a smaller, more active dog than larger watch-dogs. However, the breed faced two instances throughout its history where they later faced extinction: during World War I, and again around 1948 when Western breeds became more fashionable.