Japanese terriers are a small, highly intelligent breed of terrier temperaments. They are independent, active, crisp and vibrant. As one-person dogs, they are often reserved with strangers. Curious and cautious, Japanese terriers will hear little noise and warn of any stranger. They have no problem with respectable children and other dogs. As a sports terrier and a versatile, keenly learned dog, he has great athletics and innate instincts..
Around 1700, a small terrier-type dog was built in Japan during the Edo Era. This dog was the result of a primitive type of English smooth fox terrier and an out-cross breeding from Japanese native small breeds. The sleek Fox Terrier was brought into the country by Dutch sailors from Nagasaki, Japan, Netherlands. Several generations later, the offspring of small terrier-type dogs were bred for certain types of Italian greyhounds.
By the late 1900s, at the end of Meiji Era, some of these best dogs were seen in the Kobe streets, and were called “”Kobe Terriers””. The appearance of these “”Kobe Terriers”” was like a mixture of modern smooth Fox Terriers and Japanese Terriers. These dogs were the first terrier-type dogs to be banned in Japan. The dogs had many names such as “”Oyuki Terriers”” and “”Mikado Terriers””, and were kept by the Japanese as well as many foreigners.
Around 1916, in Nada Ward near Kobe, a dog named “”Kuro”” in Japanese meaning “”black”” was born to both English toy terriers and a toy bull terrier imported from the West. With the careful selection of breeding offspring from these offspring and “”Kobe Terriers””, a very short-haired, thin, small terrier type dog was born, known today as the Japanese Terriers. By 1930, his work with the breed helped develop a standard and was eventually recognized by the Japan Kennel Club. Japanese terriers did not become widespread until 1940, when they were seen in most major Japanese cities. Demand for this breed skyrocketed when these cities demanded a smaller, more active dog than larger watch-dogs. However, the breed faced two instances throughout its history where they later faced extinction: during World War I, and again around 1948 when Western breeds became more fashionable.
The Japanese Terrier usually has a black face with a white body. They have pointed ears that turn forward, and their tails are usually docked. They make great Companion Dogs for quiet homes. The Japanese Terrier is also rare in Japan.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
Japanese haired short-haired, smooth coat requires minimal care. A weekly brush with a soft brush or hound glove will keep your coat healthy and shiny, only with an occasional bath as needed. Her ears should be regularly inspected for dirt or excess wax build-up and cleaned when necessary with soft gauze and an ear-cleaning solution. Nails should often be kept short and clean, as too long nails can cause dog problems. If possible, teeth should be brushed daily, toothpaste should be prepared for dogs.
The Japanese terrier is highly intelligent and trained, although at some times can be stubborn and determined. Due to their high independence, training needs to start early. Puppy training classes with initial socialization and positive, reward based training with gentle, firm improvement are highly recommended. An instructor who is a lover of terrier and primitive breed is recommended. Equally at home in the city or country, they are kept in a fitted yard or on a lead, as they can escape anxiously. Although they are one of the quieter terrier breeds, they are still high-energy dogs that require mental and physical exercise.
Japanese terriers require moderate exercise. They need some good walks or daily sessions in the fence-in yard every day to maintain their mental and physical health. They enjoy the activity, but are also quite happy to curl up on the couch next to their owner. Due to their high training ability and versatility they can do well in a wide range of canine activities such as obedience, rally and agility competitions.
Japanese terriers should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
Japanese terriers are generally healthy dogs and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions such as patellar laxation and leg-Calve-Parthes disease. Their teeth often need to be brushed, using toothpaste designed for dogs. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure that your dog has a long, healthy life.
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