Origin: Canada, United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 30-36, Female: 25-32
Height: Male: 22-25, Female: 21-24
Origin of Name: The Labrador Retriever, often abbreviated to Labrador or Lab from the United Kingdom that was developed from imported Canadian.
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The Labrador Retriever is Newfoundland's traditional waterdog, which has long served as a duck retriever and fisherman's companion. The breed began its steady climb to supreme popularity in the early 1800s, when the labs were seen by English nobles visiting Canada. These returned to England with sporting earrings and fine specimens of the Lords ""Labrador Dogs"". (Exactly how these dogs from Newfoundland are associated with Labrador is unclear, but the name is stuck.) During the late 19th century, British breeders refined and standardized the breed.
The physical and temperamental race traits, which are familiar to millions of devotees around the world today, recall the original purpose of the lab. A short, dense, weather-resistant coat was preferred because long-term retirees during a Canadian winter would be assigned ice when they came out of the water. In his native homeland, a fish would be handed over to a fishing boat that would set out to remove the fish. Accordingly, in addition to having a natural tendency as a retriever, the dog needed a coat suited to the icy waters of the North Atlantic.
The lab's thick, tapering tail - an ""otter tail"", called - acts as a powerful rudder, which helps the dog swim and bend the dog. As for the characteristic nature of the breed, it is a hallmark of the breed in the form of the otter tail. “The ideal nature is a compassionate, outgoing, tractable nature; Please be happy and non-cooperative towards man or animal. “There is a lot in Labrador that appeals to the people; His soft manner, intelligence and adaptability make him an ideal dog. ""When defining the primary characteristics of a lab, the most important disposition may be because its usefulness depends on its disposition."" If a dog does not have true breed disposition, ""a well-known dog judge wrote,"" he Labrador is not. ""
In 1903 the Kennel Club (England) recognized the lab, and in 1917 the AKC registered its first dog of the breed. AKC topped registrations for the first time in 1991.