Dog Breed Group: Working Dog
Life Span: 9-12 years
Weight: Male: 58-68, Female: 45-55
Height: Male: 27-28, Female: 25-26
Origin of Name: The Newfoundland is a large working dog.
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Canadian fishermen have long relied on the Newfoundlands as Working Dogs in anhydrous shipboard, specializing in dramatic water rescues. Knuffs are born swimmers, with partially webbed legs, and are strong enough to keep an older man from drowning. His prediction as a rescue team is the stuff of legend: what St. Bernard is to the Alps, Newfoundland to the icy waters of the North Atlantic. The Nuffs earned theirs by keeping the fishing nets on shore and maintaining the day's catch for the market. Although Newfoundland's career is seen as a seaside deckhand, the breed is still considered a premium water rescue dog and is employed in that role worldwide.
The Newf is one of the most beloved breeds in the world, and history is preceded by examples of his dedication to mankind. In 1802, when Lewis and Clarke began their historic 8000-mile trek across the American continent, Seaman was part of a Newfoundland expedition. He was useful as a hunter and Guard Dog, once saving a life by fleeing a rogue buffalo who was charging into the camp. Today, Seaman is represented in 10 different Lewis and Clark monuments across the country.
A well-visited tourist attraction in England, where Newfoundland has always been a great favorite, a memorial has been erected by Lord Byron at New Bysted Abbey for his cherished newf, Botswain. The inscription of the monument has been prepared by the great poet himself, with Botswain writing, ""For those who did not have beauty, Vanity / Strength without Insolvency / Curse without Ferocity / And the All Virtues of Man with Vices"" Byron for his Newfoundland Had believed that Botswen's tomb in Abetti is larger than his own.