Origin: United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 5-6, Female: 5-5.5
Height: Male: 8-10, Female: 8-9
Origin of Name: The Norwich Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United Kingdom.
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The Norwich Terrier is one of a seemingly endless variety of races to control the rodent population of Britain. In addition to being raters, Norwich was used in packs on foxhunts, and was therefore bred to be more sociable than the usual independent-minded terrier.
Norwich is famous with the University of Cambridge where, in the 1870s and 80s, Norwich became a craze among proprietary undergarments. Students received dogs as pets and dorm-room ratters from a false storm on nearby Trumpington Street, and the breed became known as Trumpington Terriers. One of these dogs, named Rags, came into the possession of a stable owner in the city of Norwich. The rags were bred, sewed to several litters of admirable quality, as is believed to be the grandson of today's Norwich.
The US history of the breed began in 1914, when a Brit named Frank ""Roerried"" Jones used the descendants of Rags to create a dog breed named Willem. Willam was exported to Philadelphia, where it became a cornerstone of the breed in the United States. So closely associated with Reverend Jones with these cheerful, prickly terriers that the breed became known among American fundamentalists as the Jones Terrier. Long after the English and American kennel clubs recognized the breed as the Norwich Terrier in the 1930s, devotees of the American breed referred to their attractive small dogs as Jones Terriers.
The Norwich and Norfolk Terriers are so closely related that the AKC did not recognize them as distinct breeds until 1979. Perhaps the most pop-culture profile of recent times was Winky from the Norwich film ""Best in Show"", a real-life show champion played.