These affectionate Companion Dogs are essentially soothsuds (think greyhounds and whippets) and have the same elegant figure as their ras cousins. PIOs come in a range of sizes: the smallest can stand at a distance of less than 10 ; Largest top at around 26 . Their distinguishing feature is, of course, childlessness. The delicate skin can be a solid color or seen with unpublished areas. Coated PIOs are in the minority, and coated and hairless varieties may be in the same littler.
Known by his common creations, it is a beautiful and slender dog, whose aspect expresses speed, power and harmony without appearing in harmony. Another special thing is that dent in the childless variety is almost always incomplete, which is associated with congenital alopecia. Raised and affectionate at home with those close to him, he is lively and alert at the same time. He can be wary of strangers and is a good watch dog. The breed is loyal and protective of its family, but like all dogs, should be monitored around young children. Care should be taken with small pets that may be viewed as prey.
The ancient history of the Peruvian Inca orchid can be told through pottery and textiles. The breed first appeared in Moche pottery in 750 AD. They were also depicted in chimu, chancke, and incan pottery. The Chancay people used dogs as companions, and some pottery also represented them in sweaters. His urine and feces are believed to be used in medicine. Chimu considered them good luck and used the heat of dogs to treat arthritis and respiratory conditions.
The original hairy dogs were small companion animals, but when Peru was conquered by the conquistadors, the smaller dogs were interred with the dogs of foreigners and, over the years, three different sizes evolved. In mountainous areas, Andean people protected dogs, but the breed did not fare well in cities along the coast. There, childless dogs were considered diseased and pariah and were often ravaged.
In 1966, Jack Walklin, an American, visited Peru and brought eight dogs back to America. It is believed that the breed is named Peruvian Inca Orchid and this breed was established in the US and Europe under this name. Germany registered the breed in 1981 with FCI.
In 1985, the Kennel Club of Peru accepted the breed and FCI requested to change the name of Pero Sin Pelo de Peru (Peruvian Hairless Dog). In 2001, Peru declared the breed a national patrimony and the dogs are now protected in Peru.
The Peruvian Inca orchid is most famous for being hairless, but a quarter and a third of the breed’s members have a full coat of hair. This dog also comes in three size varieties, small/pequeno, medium/medium and large/gorgeous. With the exception of size and coat, the standards are the same for all sizes and for both hair types. With the exception of the coat, the Peruvian Inca Orchid resembles pariah dogs found in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, and possibly resembles the oldest dogs. It is often said that this breed resembles a Whippet, although somewhat heavier and less refined.
Depending on the variety, Peruvian Inca orchids range from small to medium in size. The smaller variety is typically between 9¾ and 15¾ inches tall at the withers and weighs between 8 and 18 pounds. The medium variety is typically between 15 and 19 inches tall at the withers and weighs between 17 and 27 pounds. The larger variety measures between 19¾ inches and 25¾ inches and weighs between 26 and 56 pounds. This breed should have a very natural appearance, without any exaggerated features. The Peruvian Inca Orchid is a well-proportioned breed that should be approximately as tall from chest to rump as from floor to ceiling. The body of the Peruvian Inca Orchid is very average for a dog, although they range from thick and heavy to quite slender and athletic. This dog is surprisingly muscular and fit, a trait most easily seen in the hairless variety. The Peruvian Inca Orchid’s tail is of average length, but quite thin. Often resembling a whip, it is usually held low unless the dog is in motion when it is usually held straight out with a slight curve from the body.
The Peruvian Inca Orchid has a relatively wolf-like head. The head is very proportional to the size of the body, and there are essentially no exaggerated features. The muzzle blends in very smoothly with the rest of the head, although there is still something distinct. It should be equal to the length of the skull and very straight. The muzzle is relatively wide and appears to be quite powerful, although it should not be excessive. Members of the hairless breed often lose teeth as a result of their genetic abnormality, but coated dogs should have a complete set. The nose of the Peruvian Inca orchid is colored according to the color of the dog’s skin. Eye color also depends on the color of the skin and can range from all shades of black to brown and sometimes yellow. The eyes are medium sized, almond shaped, and give an alert expression. Apart from the coat the only difference between hairless and hairless dogs is in their ears. The hairless Peruvian Inca orchid’s ears are erect, either straight up or pointed slightly to the sides. Buried by the weight of the hair, the ears of members of the hairy breed are usually semi-pricked, but sometimes more fully turned down, and often pointed to the sides or back. The ears of this breed are relatively wide and of medium length. Although the ears of both varieties are similar in size, the ears of hairless dogs look quite large because they are not folded.
The coat of the Peruvian Inca Orchid is the most important feature of the breed. This breed is famous for being hairless. Hairless dogs should be almost completely devoid of hair. Some dogs are completely hairless, but most have thin patches on the tops of their heads, the tips of their tails, and their legs. Additionally, some scattered hair may be visible all over the body. The coats of members of the breed with hair are somewhat variable. The coat is always single, but ranges in length from very short to medium. Most of the coat is moderately coarse, but may have longer and softer furrows on the ears and tail. The coat can be either straight or somewhat wavy. Skin and coat color are not considered important for this breed, and most kennel clubs allow hairless and hairless dogs to show up in any color or pattern. In practice, most hairless dogs are dark brown or gray, often with a pinkish tint, and hairless dogs are often white or blond with black or brown markings.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’.
These are not outdoor dogs and require sunscreen on sunny days. Beyond regular grooming, the occasional bath will keep your Peruvian Inca orchid clean and look its best. Their nails can be trimmed if needed with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splits, and breakage. The ears should be examined occasionally to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which may result in infection. The teeth should be brushed if necessary.
Peruvian Inca orchids are in great need of socialization and should be kept indoors, as they do not make good outdoor dogs. This breed is intelligent and can be a challenge to train. The new owners should be able to commit to the substantial amount needed to train and socialize their new PIO puppies. Because they are a primitive breed, they have a wide range of temperate, a more wild temperament than a normal docile eighth. PIOs are not recommended for families with young children, but they may do well with older, more considerate children. Rough play with puppies is discouraged, as it may promote aggressive behavior. They can be raised with small dogs or cats, but require supervision.
The Peruvian Inca Orchid needs a good activity to be healthy and happy. Exercise options include playing time in the backyard, preferably being kicked out or taking a walk several times a day. Exercise can also come in the form of indoor activities, such as sneaking around, chasing a rolled ball on the floor, or learning new tricks. If you live in an apartment, even a short walk in the hallway can give your dog some exercise, especially during inclement weather. Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.
Peruvian hairless should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is professionally manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
The Peruvian Inca orchid is generally a healthy breed. The board recommends that responsible breeders screen their reproductive stock for patella and cardiac examinations, as well as eye disorders, ear infections, and hearing loss.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: