The Pomeranian combines a small body (no more than seven pounds) and a commanding big-dog daemoner. The abundant double coat, with its frills extending over the chest and shoulders, comes in about two dozen colors and various patterns and markings, but is usually seen in orange or red.
Conscious and intelligent, Pomeranians are easily trained and make well-guarded and spunky pets for families with children, enough to know the difference between a toy dog and a toy. Poms are active, but can be exercised with indoor play and short walking, so they are content in both the city and the suburbs. They will easily master tricks and games, although their favorite activity is providing laughter and companionship to their special human.
There is a small connection to the powerful Spitz-type sled dogs of the Pomeranian Arctic. The breed is named for Pomerania, a region in northeastern Europe, now part of Poland and West Germany. It was hundreds of years ago, that Pom’s ancestors were cut down from their much larger, deadlier cousins.
The Pom, also known as Zwergspitz in some countries, is the smallest of the Spitz breeds. With their elegant appearance and regal bearing, you can say that the poms are “”fit for a queen”” – and you’d be right. Pom’s popularity is largely due to Queen Victoria, who smokes with the breed during a visit to Florence, Italy. When the dog-happy Dover returned to Britain with Poms in Queen Tow, the breed’s fame was assured.
Victoria became a serious breeder and exhibitor of poms. At the 1891 Crufts Dog Show, Victoria showed six of her breeding. One of his favorites, Windsor Marco, won first place in the breed. (A British historian wrote, “”It would have been a brave judge to give him his second position.) Victoria is credited with reducing the size of the pom from about 30 pounds to her present toy stature. It was reported that the aged in 1901 After the queen’s death, her favorite pom, Turi, kept watch at the foot of her bed.
Other historical figures of sophisticated sensibility who owned the pom include Marie Antoinette, Emil Zola, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The Pomeranian is a compact, miniature-backed, active toy dog of Nordic descent. The double coat has a small dense undercoat with an outer coat coiled with a hard rigid texture. Heavy plum tail is one of the characteristics of the breed. It is high and flat on lies. He is alert in character, demonstrates intelligence in expression, is defiant in exile, and is inquisitive by nature. The Pomeranian is arrogant, commanding and animated, as he hits. He is sound in composition and action.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
The Pomeranian’s prolific double coat is one of his most distinctive features. It is necessary to brush repeatedly to maintain the beautiful coat that we admire. Brush the dog with a pin brush and brush it downwards once a week to mature the hair. Pomeranians are active dogs, so it is important that their nails are kept short. It is highly recommended that you find a groom to do a full grooming – including bathing, brushes, ears, nails and anal glands – if you are not comfortable doing this at home. You should also pay attention to the teeth of the pom. It is a good idea to brush teeth during your weekly grooming session.
The pom should be trained quickly to walk on a leash and be taught to come when told. Housebreaking can be a challenge, so stability and patience are important. It is important to prevent your pom from jumping on the couch or bed, as they can injure joints or even break a bone. Poms are cautious and highly intelligent, and they take pleasure in canine activities such as agility, rally, and obedience, or working as medical dogs.
As much as Pomeranians enjoy being lapdogs and family mates, they benefit from some exercise and a chance to run, play, and take a walk. Be sure to keep a close eye on your pom when it is out. They are notorious for running through small cracks or gaps in fences or climbing small fences. Smaller breeds such as the Pomeranian may mistake rabbits or squirrels with larger, predatory birds such as owls and owls, so it is necessary to cover or keep a pom at all times. Be careful of your surroundings when taking your pom for a walk. Other dogs that are not controlled can easily hurt your pom.
Pomeranians should do well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
Pomeranians are generally healthy small dogs, and display their stock to responsible breeders for health conditions such as lusating patellas (the area below the knee that slips), hypothyroidism, trapping, congestive heart failure, seizures. And Alopecia X (black skin disease). The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) is a registry that holds health-check information in a public database. When considering a puppy be sure to request the breeder to see copies of the litter parent’s OFA results.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: