Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 7-8, Female: 6-7
Height: Male: 11-13, Female: 10-12
Origin of Name: The pug is a breed of dog with physically distinctive features of a wrinkly, short-muzzled face.
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The pug, often called the pug dog, is an ancient breed that can be discovered about 2,000 years ago. There was a preference for flat-faced toy dogs among the emperors of ancient China - Pekingis, Shih Tzu, and Pugs were all developed as sophisticated pets of the emperor, his family, and members of the royal court. Like many breeds preferred by the Far Eastern powerful people of the ancient world, the pug was a close treasure that outsiders could only receive as gifts.
Pug's career as a citizen of the world began in the 1500s, when Dutch traders returned to Europe with specimens of the breed. Legend has it that the pug became the mascot of Holland's royal home of Orange when a pug saved the prince's life by barking at the prince to warn him of an attack by Spanish soldiers on his camp. When William and Mary of Orange arrived in England to take over the monarchy, their footsteps joined them and a craze began to breed among the British.
The worldwide fascination with pugs can be gauged by how many names the breed has in different eras and places: Lo-Sze (China), Mopsy (Finland), Doguillo (Spain) to name but a few. Among the Dutch, those still closely associated with the Pagans are known as Mofonds.
The theory abounds as to the origin of the name Pag. One suggests that the pug is based on the Latin word ""pugnace"", meaning ""fist"" - the idea that the dog's face resembles a closed fist.