The Pyrenean Mastiff is friendly, calm, noble and very intelligent towards humans. At the same time, he is courageous and proud of strangers, from whom he never retreats. In his behavior towards other dogs, he is of good nature and is aware of his superior power. Although he will do his job to alert strangers or animals when they arrive, he is not known to bark constantly. As a parental breed, the Pyrenean Mastiff has very little hunting drive and, therefore, loves and protects all creatures, humans and animals alike. They love children and welcome friends and family, and feel the need to protect only when it is a real threat. Although all that love can be a bit messy; Like any mastiff, they ingest saliva and excessive amounts when exposed to heat, food, or water.
While the origin of the Pyrenean Mastiff is not clearly known, it is generally accepted that the breed originated from Moloser dogs brought to Spain from Sumeria and Assyria by the Phoenicians about 3,000 years ago. Due to the remoteness of the various regions of the Pyrenees Mountains and the rest of the region now known as Spain, native Molosar dogs were most closely developed by the region in many livestock patron breeds, the Pyrenean Mastiff, the Spanish Mastiff, and the breed. The Pyrenean Mastiff is related to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, also known as the Great Pyrenees.
In the early Middle Ages, the region that later became Spain was divided between the Christian kingdoms of Castile and Aragon in the north and the Muslim-controlled territories of the south. In the wide and flat area of Castile, the smooth-coated Spanish Mastiff was developed to protect flocks of sheep that traveled long distances. In the Aragon region, the less homogeneous Pyrenees Mountains developed more rugged and long-haired livestock guards. Following trashumante, or ceremonial mass migration to pastures established by the Visigoth King Yuriko in 504 AD, flocks of sheep will migrate through the bear and wolf-infected Pyrenees Mountains with a shepherd 1,000 strong and five mastiffs. And foothills. Named for the area of their trishumante source, Navarran Mustin (also the Mustin of Navara) and Mustin D’Aragon, these livestock defenders were highly respected, and as such, received the same food allocation as shepherds. He also wore a carlanka, a pointed collar that protected his neck, entangling wolves and bears. This migration lasted till the 16th century.
In 1659, Regent Mazarino of France and King Philip IV of Spain signed a decree dividing ownership of the Pyrenees Mountains with the northern region becoming French territory, and the southern region becoming the remaining Spanish territory. The northern, or French, region further refined its mastiff, developing a white, long-haired breed, the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, with a more refined head and stature. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog gained widespread recognition due to its popularity and strong breeding programs, while the Spanish mastiff in the south continued its work as livestock conservator and remained more spacious, primitive and less homogenous.
In the 1930s and 40s, the disappearance of wolves and bears from the Pyrenees Mountains, new dependence on rail to transport sheep, Spanish Civil War and World Food Shortages after World War II caused almost total loss of the Aragon mastiff. Due to being too large and expensive to support and have no purpose other than to protect livestock, these great dogs almost went extinct.
With the return of a pack of wolves to the Aragon region in the 1970s, these dogs were once again needed, now known as the Pyrenean Mastiff. Also, a small group of enthusiasts for this breed worked to revive it, finding about 100 specimens of the breed and then narrowing it down to the best 30 that were closest to the standard and which were appropriate temperament and Used to show excellent health. Their breeding program resulted in today’s Pyrenean Mastiff known for its great size, strong build, graceful movement and its gentle, non-aggressive and even temperament. Yet the Pyrenean Mastiff still possesses great fighting skills, which have been revered through the defense of livestock for centuries, but they will only be used if they are themselves, their people, their herds, their packs, or their home. For the defense to be pressured to carry out aggressive behavior.
While still relatively rare, the breed has since spread throughout Western and Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, Russia, Australia, Japan and Mexico, the US and now Canada, somewhere between 4,000 and 6,000 worldwide. They are approved by the FCI and are successfully shown at FCI affiliated clubs in most of these countries.
The Pyrenean Mastiff has a thick coat that consists of either a solid or pied pattern that comes in a variety of colors. Notable color patterns are white and beige, white and black, white and grey, white and silver, and many more!
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
Take a bath with your Pyrenean Mastiff as needed, although it is less preferable to retain the natural oils in its coat. Brushing at least every three days will keep the coat matte-free and fresh. Trim the nails to include the déclavs, and trim the mats that appear between the toes. The Pyrenean Mastiff is a double-coated breed, so it sheds twice a year. Beyond that time, it usually does not shed much hair. Use rake to help remove loose hair while falling out.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
It is okay to allow free play all the time except right after eating, but walking your Pyrenean Mastiff puppy can be harmful if the distance is not gradually increased. Extra-large breed puppies grow fast, and their bones are soft and take a long time to harden and mature. You also want to make sure that if possible, you try to tread them on soil or rough paths. Concrete is hardened at their joints. Exercise options include playing time in the backyard, preferably fencing, or taking walks several times a day. Pyrenean mastiffs are a relatively quiet breed, but they need their exercise to stay mentally and physically fit.
The Pyrenean Mastiff should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some breeders suggest that puppies should be kept in high quality, high protein, large papy kibble at calcium .8 to 1.5 and phosphorus .6 to 1.2; If the food does not contain 1400 mg / glucosamine and 1200 chondroitin, they suggest supplementation. The female lives on puppy food until the age of 18 months and the male until the age of 2 years. Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight levels. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Contact your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
As a rare dog breed, there is not enough information to identify any specific genetic disease that is prevalent. But as with all giant, deep-chested breeds, they can experience gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) and hip dysplasia.
Recommended health test from parent club