Schweizer Lofhund is a group of Skeathounds native to Switzerland. Most kennel clubs and canine organizations consider these breeds to be the same breed with many varieties. There are currently four recognized varieties: Bernese Hound, Bruno Jura Hound, Lucerne’s Hound and Schwyz Hound. One type, the Thurgovian Hound, is certainly extinct, and the other, the Jura Type St. Hubert Hound, is either being revived or being rebuilt depending on what is believed. Switzerland is a nation with four official languages and the name of each variety is known by somewhat different English translations, which means that it is a breed with many names, including Swiss Hound, Swiss Senthound, Chien de Courant Suisse, Berner Löfand, Bern Hound. Bruno Jura Lofhand, Bruno Hound, Bruno Lofhand, Jura Hound, Jura Lofhand, The St Hubert Hound Jura Type, French Jura Type St Hubert Hound, Jura Type St Hubert Hound French Type, Jura Type French St Hubert Hound, Lucerner Lofhund, Lucerne Hound And Schwyz Lofhand.
Schweizer laufhund are very old breeds whose history has been largely lost over time. Since these breeds were developed long before keeping written records of the breeding of dogs, it is impossible to make any definitive statement about their offspring. What is clear is that Schweizer Löfhund is the oldest of many Schnathound breeds of Europe and has long outpaced all species of game in the mountains and valleys of Switzerland.
Many claim that Schweizer Loughhunds belongs to the Roman Times. Murals from the Roman province of Helvetia (a region that once comprised most of modern Switzerland) depict dogs similar to Schweizer Lofhunds. Given the lack of additional information, it is impossible to say whether these Roman dogs were Schweizer Loughhunds. In the opinion of this writer, these paintings probably do not represent the modern Schweizer Lofhand breed, but may depict their ancestors. If Schweizer Loughhand dates back to the Roman period it almost certainly originated from the Italian / Mediterranean Schnathound or Keltenbruck, known in English as the Celtic Hound. Prior to the Roman occupation, Switzerland was inhabited by Celtic tribes and is believed to descend from Keltonbreck, the fragrant hunter from neighboring Austria. Even if Schweizer Lofhand can trace his dynasty back to Rome, the breed has certainly been heavily influenced by German, Austrian, and especially French hounds.
During the Dark and Middle Ages, hunting became the most popular and important sport with Schnathound among the European nobility. Most of the nobles of medium stature kept large herds of Hunting Dogs. Hunting became more than just a sport; It became an important part of social and political life. Decisions were made on hunting that would affect the lives of millions of people. Due to the value and social reputation associated with high quality Hunting Dogs, many nobles and owners of Hunting Dogs were enthusiastic breeders, always trying to improve the quality of their dogs. It was not only men of noble blood who kept hunting packs, many clergy also did. It was in a monastery in modern Belgium that the earliest known organized dog breeding program took place. Sometime between 750 and 900 AD the monks at the St. Hubert Monastery near Mouzon developed the St. Hubert Hound (known in English as Bloodhound) after years of careful breeding.
It became customary for the monks of St. Hubert to send several pairs of their dogs every year as a tribute to the King of France. The kings of France would then send these dogs to their vassals throughout the kingdom. The St. Hubert Hound would become incredibly influential in French hound breeding and for many centuries the breed was famous in French-speaking lands. During this period, the Swiss were famous throughout Western Europe for their skills as mercenaries, and Swiss soldiers were hired to fight in continuous conflicts for centuries. Many of these conflicts were fought in France where mercenaries encountered the St. Hubert Hound. He was so impressed that he returned to his homeland with several specimens. These specimens were crossed with pre-existing Swiss dogs to improve their sense of smell and other hunting abilities. There is a debate between Schweizer Loughhand fanatics and dog experts as to whether the modern breed originated primarily from the St. Hubert Hound that crossed with the old Swiss Hound, with some contributions from the older Swiss dogs to the St. Hubert Hound , Or approximately equal to. Combination of both.
Although Schweizer Lofhund came into existence, it came to be highly regarded as a Hunting Dog. The breed was so valuable in Switzerland that until recently very few other scanthound breeds were used in the country. The breed was highly sought after by French and especially Italian hunters for many centuries. Many of these dogs were imported into areas where they were used in local breeding efforts. While there is some debate about what the original Schweizer Loughhand looked like, most experts believe it was similar to the Jura type St. Hubert Hound.
Switzerland is almost entirely made up of mountainous regions of the Alps. Between the fertile valleys are high mountains with steep arms and snow-clad peaks. Before the dawn of modern technology, traveling between neighboring settlements was very difficult even under the best of circumstances and became almost impossible in winter. This meant that many Swiss communities were very isolated. Such segregation meant that many regions of Switzerland developed their own distinct and unique types of Schweizer Lofhund, and there could be dozens of such varieties at one time. This will begin to change as technological advances in transportation make it much easier to transport dogs.
There are currently four recognized varieties of Schweizer Lofhand. These varieties are almost identical in appearance, with the notable exception of coat dyeing. All four varieties come in a standard and a miniature size, although there is a unified standard for both. Most men stand between 19 and 24 at the shoulder, and most women stand between 18½ and 23½ . Although weight is strongly influenced by height, sex, and position, most breed members weigh between 30 and 45 pounds. Most breed members are longer than long, a trend that is greatest in short instances. Schweizer Lofhand is a well-muscled and robustly built breed, although most examples are somewhat more lightly constructed than the average Skethaound. As a Working Dog, this breed should be free from any exaggerated characteristics that would hinder its ability to do its job. Schweizer Lofund’s tail is medium to long in length, tapers strongly toward the end, and should always be carried with a slight curve.
The head and face of Schweizer Lofhand are similar to those found in many other Schnathounds, most notably those of France. This breed is considerably more sophisticated in appearance than most working Schnathounds. The head itself is long, narrow and rather round. The head attaches very easily to the muzzle, which is more reminiscent of a trachea than a Schnathound. The muzzle itself is very long, either the length of the skull or slightly longer, although it is also quite narrow. The nose of all Schweizer Laufhunds should be black regardless of variety or color. The upper lips of this breed completely cover the lower jaw, but they are not particularly hanging and would never be described as jolly. Schweizer Lofund has very long ears. They fall down a lot, and often curl and twist. Schweizer Laufhund’s eyes are slightly oval, medium-sized and either dark or light brown depending on the color of the dog’s coat. Most of the breed members exhibit a gentle, calm and gentle expression.
All five varieties of Schweizer Lofund have very similar coats. Their coats are short, smooth and dense, although the hairs on the head and ears are very short and fine. The primary difference between the types is coat color and pattern.
The Bernese hound should be predominantly white, with black spots and / or black saddle. There should be tan marks on the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears and also around the vent. The white color of this variety can be applied slightly lighter than the black color, although this is not necessary.
Bruno Jura Hound and Jura Type St. Hubert Hound fall into two different patterns. They can either be tan with a black saddle. Such dogs may or may not have a black overlay. These varieties can also be predominantly black with tan marks on the eyes, on the cheeks, on the ears, and on the lower parts of the feet. There may or may not be a small white scar on the chest in color. This marking may be very light speckled with black or brown.
The Lucerne’s Hound is commonly described as being blue. This blue color is due to the heavy inter-division of black and white hair on the body. The lucernees hound must also display solid black spots and / or a solid black saddle (a black blanket is also permitted). All lucerneous hounds should have tan marks on the eyes, cheeks, chest, around the vent and on the lower part of the feet.
The Schwyz Hound is white with orange markings and / or an orange saddle (an orange blanket is also allowed). The white part of the coat may be marked with a slight orange mark.
Sometimes any type of Schweizer lofhand will be born with the wrong color, such as solid black or solid white. Such dogs are ineligible in the show ring and should not be bred but otherwise make excellent Working Dogs or companions just like members of any other breed.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
Schweizer Lofhand is a low-maintenance breed. This dog should never require professional grooming, only regular brushing. Owners have to thoroughly clean the ears of a Schweizer Lofhand regularly. Otherwise, dirt, grime, food and water may accumulate in the breed’s bent ears, which can also cause irritation, infection, chronic ear infections, and in severe cases, deafness. There does not seem to be any report on the shedding of Schweizer Lofund, but it is almost certain that this breed is a cheddar, and possibly very heavy.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
“This breed is classified as “”somewhat active””, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.
They should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
It does not appear that any health survey has been conducted on Schweizer Loughhand, which makes it impossible to make a definitive statement about the health of the breed. Most believe that this breed is in relatively good health, similar to the case of many other breeds that are bred almost exclusively for work. This breed may be at risk for many genetically inherited conditions because its gene pool is quite small, but has not been confirmed. Most believe the life expectancy of this breed is between 10 and 14 years old, although it is unclear what the estimate is based on.
Although skeletal and visual problems in this breed are not thought to occur at high rates, it is highly desirable for owners to test their pets by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF). It is recommended. OFA and CERF perform genetic and other tests to identify potential health defects before they are shown. It is particularly valuable in detecting conditions that do not show up until the dog has reached an advanced age, which makes it especially important for someone to consider breeding their dog. Is so that it can test its offspring to prevent the spread of potential genetic conditions.
Depending on what is known about Schweizer Laufhund and similar breeds, this dog may be at risk of developing the following conditions: