Stand back: You need a short distance to fully appreciate the glory of this ancient animal. In the silhouette we see a neck coursing hound struck by a classic greyhound template. Deer, however, are much larger and more important than greyhounds — a good-sized male can stand 32 at the shoulder and weigh 110 pounds. Crisp coats are seen in many colors; Fans of the breed prefer the dark blue-gray coat. The slim head and long neck add extra lift to an already plush hound.
The breed is so old, we cannot separate Deerhound’s true origins from myth and legend. Evidence suggests that large deer hunts were in Scotland before the Scots themselves arrived there in the ninth century. As far as anyone knows, clan chieftains used packs of huge, shaggy Hunting Dogs to chase and bring down wild red deer: a fast 400-pounder with punishing horns. The breed’s home ground – the rocky, rain-swept highlands – was remote, but the deerhound adventure became cosmic throughout Britain.
Should be wide at the ears, slightly narrower than the eyes, the muzzle should be definitely thinner than the nose. The muzzle must be pointed, but teeth and lip level. The head should be long, the skull should be flat, not round, slightly raised above the eyes, but there should be nothing close to stopping. The hair on the scalp should be moderately longer and softer than the rest of the coat. The nose should be black (some blue fawn-blue) and slightly watery. Light-colored dogs have a better black muzzle. Rather silky hair should have a nice mustache and fair beard.
Ear: should be set to high; In repose, folded back like a greyhound, though without folds being raised above the head in excitement, and even in some cases semi-standing. A pricked ear is bad. Larger, thicker ears, hanging from the head or covered with long hair, are bad defects. Ears should be soft, shiny, like a mouse’s coat to touch and the smaller, the better. There should be no long coat or long fringe, but sometimes there is a silky, silver coat on the body and tip of the ear. On all deer, the ears should be black or dark colored, regardless of the color of the coat.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
The hardened, somewhat wiry coat of the Scottish Deerhound is very easy to care for, requiring only one or more brushes and combing every week. If they do not deteriorate naturally, they will also require trimming of their nails every few weeks. Grooming tools to keep on hand include a slicker brush, a fine-toothed metal dog comb, and an electric nail grinder or a pair of heavy-duty dog nail clippers. An occasional bath will help reduce the odor of any dog. A grooming session is a good time to inspect the dog for any new lumps or skin problems, and to check that the eyes and ears are healthy and hassle-free.
The most beautiful deerhound puppy in the world will turn into a wonderful adult if given plenty of soft human companionship, exercise and proper nutrition. Deerhounds are sensitive and respond best to positive training methods. When their people go to work they do not do well in the kennel or live in the crate. While he has a calm and dignified personality in the house, the Scottish Deerhound can try to chase away any cute animals that run after him. For this reason, the breed should be used in a leased or fenced area. Although he enjoys his family, his size can scare young children.
Without a fellow playmate and a large, safely fabricated play area it is difficult to raise Deerhound puppies to their potential. This breed cannot be left to crate at home while the owner is at work all day, if it is to develop physically and mentally properly to adulthood. Both puppies and adults need to be able to exercise independently on a daily basis and do what the Dearhounds were bred to do for the pleasure of running. Destructive puppies are usually not receiving enough exercise. Forcible exercise, such as running on a bike, should avoid immature wounds. It is difficult to get old deer out of your couch, but they require regular daily exercise. While nutrition and exercise are important for raising a puppy in a fit, well-muscled adult, the secret to a healthy, long-lived deerhound (other than good genes) is being happy and exercising well. It is not a breed that handles stress well, nor is it a breed that will thrive with just a daily leash-walk around a city block. Fitness should be maintained in old age.
The Scottish Deerhound should do well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight levels. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Contact your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times. Due to the risk of bloat, several small meals per day are preferable to one large meal, and strenuous exercise before or after is not recommended.
Like other smallpox, Dearhounds can be dangerously sensitive to anesthesia and some medications. Large and deep-breasted breeds are susceptible to swollen, sudden, fatal stomach conditions. Owners should learn what signs to pay attention to and what to do. Reputable breeders will examine health conditions such as heart disease and Factor VII deficiency. While nutrition and exercise are important for raising a puppy in a fit, well-muscled adult, the secret to a healthy, long-lived deerhound (other than good genes) is being happy and exercising well. It is not a breed that handles stress well. Nor is it a breed that will grow with just one daily leash walk around the city block. Fitness should be maintained in old age. If you have neutered your deerhound, keep in mind that like all larger breeds, deerhounds should never be neutered under one year of age, preferably after the dog has matured (at least two years of age ). Detailed information about the health of the breed can be found on the website of the Scottish Deerhound Club of America, the breed’s parent club.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: