Spinone Italiano (plural: spinoni Italian) is a square and solidly constructed predator. Spinoni are muscular and powerful, built more for endurance than speed. The dense coat has a natural, uncut form and comes in various colors and patterns. The face expresses the breed’s abundant Old World charm. Those soft, sweet expressive eyes closed with shaggy eyebrows and tufted beards have won the hearts of many in Italy – and they are getting new victories here in America every day.
Spinoni, a very old breed, are among the many field dogs in continental Europe renowned for their versatility. His strengths as a hunter’s companion include intelligence, a great nose, the ability to reclaim on land or lake, and endurance to work all day and demand more than eagerness. The name Spinone means “Pino”, a thorny tree found in the Piedmont region of Italy. It was there that the All-Weather, All-Purpose Spinoni was first banned for working with human hunters in the mountainous region of Alpine Italy. Spinone is thought to be a cross of thick-haired Italian setters, born with those abandoned by Greek merchants and others from the Adriatic coast, besides being crossed with the White Mastiff and perhaps the French Griffon.
Spinone has a distinctive profile and a soft, almost-human expression. The breed is designed for endurance. With muscles, vigorous and powerful bone, Spinone has a strong buildup that makes him resistant to fatigue and able to work in almost any area; Big feet and two-piece topline give the dog stability on bumpy ground. Spinone covers the ground efficiently, combining a purposeful, easy trot with an intermittent gallop. A stiff, single coat and thick skin enable Spinone to negotiate the underbrush and tolerate cold water that would punish any dog for not being naturally armored. This versatile indicator is a skilled swimmer and an excellent dog by nature. Spinone is patient, organized and cooperative in the field, and has a gentle attitude.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
Despite the standard saying that the breed should be “kept in a natural state”, Spinoni requires some grooming. They should be stripped by hand instead of scissors to remove dead hairs, as well as maintaining a coat length of one and a half to two and a half . Spinone needs to clean your ears at least once a week. The legs should be placed in a brushed column, and no feathers should be left on the tail. Nails should be cut once a week.
An experienced breeder shares insights on breed training qualifications: “Spinoni are very soft, very stubborn and very smart. Training is mostly about ‘barter’. With many breeds, if you say ‘jump’, then They will ask, ‘How high?’ Like they are jumping, while a spinone will ask, ‘Why?’ You can teach Spinone the basics and even train them for competitive obedience — just don’t expect them to be ‘high and tight’ about it every time. They can say to you, ‘No, not today. maybe later.’ They are smart, but a challenge, and they will stop if training is too hard or rigorous. When hunting, they hunt where they want and will place food on your table. Spinoni are not ‘robot hunters’ where You’ll tell them, go there. Spinoni teaches hunters how to trust their dogs in the farm. “
Spinoni are “less octane” than other sports breeds. While a hike or walk is always a good idea, it is not something that should be done every day. A large, safely fenced yard and plenty of playing time will keep a Spinone happy, along with being a part of the family, which is just as important to his well-being as an exercise. Spinoni are not “kennel dogs” or dogs that can just be left alone outside — they must be part of the family at all times, which means being a house dog, living with the family.
Spinone should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some spinoni may be pickle eaters. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Contact your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
Some may experience spinoni bloat, which may be related to the very sensitive nature of the breed. Because Spinoni will be more anxious when their owners are worried, it can cause a vicious cycle in terms of dog eating or possibly stressing themselves in bloat. It is important to ensure that spinone has a quiet time to digest after eating to help prevent bloat.
Responsible breeders will examine their stock for health conditions such as hip and elbow dysplasia and eye anomalies. As with all breeds, spinone’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed frequently, ideally every day, using toothpaste designed for dogs.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: