Volpini has existed since ancient times and almost went extinct when Italy lost interest in the breed. American Eskimo dog breeders bred Volpino Italiano in their Eskies in an effort to make toy-shaped American Eskimos. In the 1960s, Italian breeders took renewed interest to prevent the extinction of their breed and, as a result, the Volpino Italiano experienced a resurgence and remains a viable breed.
Volpino Italiano goes back to the same ancestor as the German Spitz, of whom he is not a descendant, but a relative. They have been reared in Italy since time immemorial and are worshiped in nobles’ palaces as well as in the homes of the common people, where they were particularly appreciated for their vigilance and tendency to protect. He was portrayed by Italian master painters such as Michelangelo in the 1800s, 1500s, Andrea Landini in the 1800s, Andrea Verocchio in the 1800s, Vittor Carpsco in the 1500s and H. Enrico Coleman Roma. In the 17th century, Volpini was the tireless companion of the Carters of Tuscany and Latium and was always ready to announce the noise of any strange person found on the streets.
This little dog is squarely built with pointed ears and a pointed, straight muzzle, giving him a fox-like appearance. The Volpino Italiano has a wedge-shaped head that is not rounded. His nose does not extend beyond the front of the lips and is in line with the top of the muzzle. His nose is always black. He has round, alert eyes which are dark brown in color. His eyes are always black, which highlights his deep, curious eyes. The Volpino Italiano has a very dense, long coat that is straight. There should never be any curls or waves on his coat. It is stiff and somewhat stiff, standing away from the body, even though its coat is sparse. Their breed standard calls for their coat to be wrapped in a muff, especially at the neck. She has long hair on her tail, which forms a fringe. Her back thighs also form a thick fringe called her skirt. Volpino Italiano is mostly found in solid white, although it can be solid red or champagne.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time’
The fluffy, white, double coat of the Volpino Italiano – a short, dense undercoat under the long outer coat – is surprisingly easy to keep clean. Brushing well two or three times a week will remove dead hairs before they fall, as well as help prevent matting. It is okay to bathe Volpino occasionally, but doing so more than once every few months can make his skin dry and irritable. Like all breeds, Valpino’s nails should be cut regularly.
Volpini will do anything for a cure and will remain focused for 10 to 15 minutes. Early training is always good, but older dogs also learn new tricks.
An active dog with a lot of energy, Volpino is also fast and inquisitive, requiring lots of exercise and mental challenges. A walpino who is left alone or who does not exercise enough can quickly become destructive. A safely fenced yard and an assortment of toys will help provide good exercise and stimulation to keep the Volpino out of trouble. However, they should not be left in the yard alone all day. Despite his warm coat, Volpino is an indoor dog. They form strong bonds with their people and are happiest by interacting with them.
Volpino Italiano should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Contact your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
US-born Volpini has tested the parents for PLL CLEAR (Primary Lens Luxation) through OFA.org. Dogs are not tested in Italy. Keep the anal glands expelled.