Often mistaken for Pomeranian in India, Indian Spitz is the dog breed that needs worldwide recognition. This is an Indian-origin dog breed that came during British rule. This medium-sized dog breed went viral nationwide after an Indian spitz named Tuffy appeared in the superhit Bollywood movie ‘hum apke hain kon.’ In the early 1900s, royal families were known to pet them for companionship and entertainment.
The breed is very low on maintenance and much affordable, so most Indian families like to pet them. They belong to the spitz dog family. This Indian breed is suitable for outdoor and apartment living, making them versatile. They are alert, feisty, and very vocal.
Indian spitz first came to be known during British rule. Britishers brought German spitz with them, who were not suitable for the Indian climate. For this reason, this breed was delicately crossed with the local Indian breed, Pariah, for years to achieve a new spitz breed that was exotic and suitable for Indian temperature. They named it Indian spitz. The breed was introduced to the United Kingdom in the 1930s and quickly gained popularity as a show dog.
The breed was popularized in India during the late 90s, and it was impossible to bring any foreign breed except for German shepherds and Indian spitz because of the strict import and export rules.
In 1994, after appearing in a Bollywood movie, the breed became extremely popular nationwide.
It is known by many names throughout the years, like the English Kutta, which directly links it to Great Britain and Indian Pomeranian because of its resemblance to Pomeranian, but the two are separate breeds.
Indian spitz resembles a lot of Pomeranians and Samoyeds. They are very fluffy. They come in many colors like solid black-brown, but white is the most common color. Sometimes brown color is seen around their necks. Their head is wedge-shaped and has pointy nose and ears because of their hunting traits.
This Indian breed has almond-shaped eyes and has a very faint halo around the edges, giving them a human-like appearance. They have very fluffy and lightly curled tails. Their pups are born with upright ears, but in some cases, droopy ears are also seen, which may get upright after months. The color of the nose and lips matches the coat color.
Download Monkoodog PetCare App
White is the most common of all. While brown is rare, black is the least common of all.
The breed comes in two different sizes with no significant changes in temperament and traits.
-The smaller one is called lesser Indian spitz, with a height of 8-10 inches and weighing 5 to 7 kilograms.
The other is called greater Indian spitz, with a height of 11-18 inches and weighing between 12 to 20 kilograms.
Indian Spitz has a thick and dense double coat that is medium in length. The undercoat is absent, but the pups are born with an adult coat. The coat can sometimes be spotted and multicolored, depending on the parent breed. These have a complete ruff around the neck, a mane in males, which is very soft and silky to touch. All said this dog can shed heavily.
- It is said that these dogs have the soul of a big dog in their small body.
- Indian Spitz is very lively and affectionate towards their family. They are intelligent, and fast learners and hence can be trained.
- This dog is reserved and operates based on mutual respect. They aren’t the kind to try to please everyone all of the time. Mutual respect is the only way to acquire their trust.
- This is a very active dog breed and thus fitted for sports games and shows, such as agility.
- This is a loyal breed and well-tempered. This breed proves to be a good guardian and watchful dog. They are very vocal and will alert you instantly. When given a chance, the dog breed becomes quite a barker and can try to become a pack leader.
- As these furballs are intelligent dogs, they sometimes are stubborn. They can be good with other pet dogs if introduced early in life; otherwise, they become territorial and won’t appreciate the company.
- They are bold and love playing, jumping, and running.
- This breed also has an insight for its owner. They are also good with children and get along.
Health and Care
This gem is a very healthy dog breed. They live up to 14 years with a litter size of 4-5 puppies per year.
This dog comes from German spitz, so they share the same health issues, i.e. Kidney, eye problems, and risk of hip dysplasia. Few others known to this breed are:
- Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which the thyroid hormone produced by the body is insufficient. Dry skin and hair, as well as hair loss, are among the symptoms.
- Keratoconjunctivitis Dry eyes: Some canines suffer from dry eyes. Their cornea becomes dry due to a lack of aqueous tears.
- Patellar Luxation is another joint-related problem that this dog has. The dog loses its equilibrium as the knee falls out of its socket.
- Separation anxiety: this dog experiences separation anxiety if left for a long period of time.
This breed does not require heavy stimulation but likes to sleep a lot.
With regular nutrition, activity, and medical care, this Indian gem may expect to live for many years.
- These dogs are a very active, athletic, and bright breed of dogs. They can play all day and show good agility. Daily walks and jogging are a must for them as keeping them in an indoor environment would not be healthy for their mind and body.
- The smaller the dog, the more dental care they need. This little dog needs a fair amount of oral attention from you as these are on the smaller dog size spectrum. They may experience gum and dental problems.
- It is important to give your Spitz a good amount of nutritious meals. Avoid giving them human food, which can cause dental and bone problems, and vitamin and mineral imbalances, and make the Spitz picky about what they eat.
- They belong to a very social dog breed. They like being outside and enjoy the attention. The dog may not like being left for a long period, so if you are planning to leave your pup, make sure to prepare them by leaving them for a short period.
- Like their ancestor breed, this breed is prone to eye infections. To minimize the risk, they should be cleaned with a soft wet cloth, and the hair around the eyes should be plucked or trimmed from time to time.
- Regular observation and assessment will help in the elimination and detection of any possible kidney infection symptoms as the dog breed is prone to renal infections. Look for the signs and symptoms and talk to your veterinarian for advice.
The breed is not in high maintenance. They like to keep themselves clean and need very few baths. These dogs may enjoy their grooming sessions, which will be a bonus point if you want to pet them.
They grow a very thick coat in the winter season and shed it at the end of the season, so it becomes quite a nuisance to clean them as it is all over the place. So regular brushing is essential.
Also See:- Top 10 Dog Breeds For Homes With Kids
This breed does not smell unless they have any infection or health problem.
Besides that, weekly brushing, ear cleaning, and nail clipping are required.
When it comes to other pets and strangers, These dogs bark a lot and even louder. They like wailing and barking incessantly since they are a noisy breed that may bark for attention, defense, and separation anxiety.
They may even try to take the lead, acting like pack leaders while they bark, so it becomes important to give them obedience training and give them a strong hand to show them who is in charge.
As is already mentioned, this dog breed is very intelligent, so they are easy to train. This dog is so clever and perceptive that it easily picks up on its masters’ cues. If you miss a trick, they will notice and take advantage of it. A consistent approach is required to train, or they will run circles around you. Training them can be fun, and one can even include their kids while doing so.
Hunting and Dominance
Given a chance, they will hunt small animals because of their past hunting traits. They may very well be seen chasing squirrels, and they also have a highly developed guarding instinct and will function as a protector to your home and everyone in it.
They sometimes show Little Dog Syndrome. Indian spitzes often act harshly to make up for their lack of stature, trying to intimidate the other.
Indian Spitz is a very good family dog, especially for first-time pet owners.
One of the simplest dogs to live with, It’s why, among Indian breeds, they’re undoubtedly the most popular family dog. One of the key selling factors is that they are extremely child-friendly and entertaining.
When given good attention and obedience training, they prove to be well-natured and friendly with other pets.
They are obedient. You may let your dog off the leash in secure locations and not worry about them not returning since they are obedient and loyal.
Spitzes are not fussy eaters and can be given almost anything. The flexibility and attitude of this adorable dog are some of the finest aspects of living with them. They adore their owner.
Indian Spitz vs Pomeranian
Though both Indian spitz and Pomeranian resemble in looks but are different dog breeds, Pomeranians are spitz-type from Poland, Germany.
The former has a considerably flatter face than the Pomeranian and is significantly bigger than the Pomeranian in size.
The Pomeranian has a thick coat that hides the skin, but the Indian Spitz has an entirely white double coat.
The ears of the Indian Spitz are long and pointed, whereas the ears of the Pomeranian are a tiny bit round in comparison.
They once were trained to work in circuses, hence known as utility dogs.
This Indian breed is affordable.
They adapt and adjust very fast.
They were once also known as pomeranian huskies.
During WW2, the breed was introduced in Canada and North America.
Local breeds are acclimated to Indian climates, easy to keep, and in desperate need of loving homes. We encourage you to promote and improve the lives of forgotten Indian dog breeds; one such is Indian spitz.