Dog Breed Group: working dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: 38-45 pounds (males), 32-35 pounds (females)
Height: 18-20 inches (males), 17-19 inches (females)
Origin of Name: The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was developed in Australia to herd cattle.
|Size||Temperament||Shedding||Drooling||Monthly keeping cost|
There are two schools of thought about the development of the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. During the 1840s, two stockmen in different states of Australia began crossing local working dogs with imported drawer dogs that might have carried natural tailless-ness. It is believed that Stumpy was the first breed developed in Australia. After a few more breeds were included in the development process, the Australians became the Cattle Dog.
The Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog evolved from the ancestors of the early Holls Healer and Timmons Bitters. Breeding emphasized working ability and endurance. By the 1890s, the Cattle Dog was exhibited and early classes included both long-tailed and stump-tailed varieties. By 1917, some of the shows at the Stumpy-tailed Cattle Dogs included 50% of the Cattle Dogs.
Stumpy declined as a baked breed soon after WWI and remained a registered breeder until 1960. By the 80s, Stumpy as a registered breed was close to extinction. The redevelopment program by the Australian National Kennel Council began in 1988 and has been successful in preserving the breed in Australia.
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was introduced to North America with the Australian Cattle Dog after WWII. However, documented dogs registered with the ANKC were not introduced until the year 2000.