Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-14 years
Weight: 12–18 kg
Height: Male: 17–20 inches (44–50 cm), 17–19 inches (42–48 cm)
Origin of Name: The Austrian Pinscher (Österreichischer Pinscher) is a medium-sized breed of pinscher-type dog from Austria.
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Although not a pure breed until the 20th century, the Austrian pinscher is a very old breed that can trace its origins to many centuries ago. Paintings from show dogs of the 1700s, which are actually similar to modern Austrian pincers, and it is widely agreed among fanatics that these are the earliest known definitive records of the breed. Since those dogs were already in modern form, it is quite likely that the breed is quite old, and many think that the breed existed in their homeland for many centuries, and possibly more than a millennium ago.
The Austrian pinscher is a member of a group of breeds of dogs known as the Pinscher / Schnauzer family. There are several breeds in this family that are native to German-speaking lands. Although some of these dogs have been reared for companionship, the majority were originally multi-purpose farm dogs. Their primary jobs included leaving cattle, leaving cattle, alerting owners of strangers' attitudes, and personal and property protection. Along with the Austrian pinscher, the breeds that always live in this group include the three breeds Affenpinscher, Miniature Pinscher, German Pinscher, Doberman Pinscher and Schnauzer, which almost always appear with the Danish (Swedish) farm dog. Brussels Griffen, Rotweiler, German Shepherd Dog, Lochan and all four Swiss Mountain Dogs are occasionally included, although their inclusion is quite controversial.
Because many mixed-breed dogs have been admitted to its lines, Austrian pincer is significantly more variable than other modern breeds. Breed almost exclusively for its ability to function for the last few decades, this dog is without exaggerated features and is among the most common-looking of all dog breeds. It is generally similar to the better known German Pincher, but is more heavily built and is considerably less sophisticated in appearance. Austrian pinscher is a medium-sized breed. Most breed members stand between 16½ and 19½ inches at the shoulder, although it is not less than 13 inches or up to 22 inches long for an individual dog. The Austrian pincer is sturdy, but not coarsely built, and looks rather powerful and capable of sticky. Most individuals weigh between 20 and 50 pounds and average 25 to 40 pounds. The Austrian pinscher is a working dog and should appear fit and muscular, although perhaps not identical to other breeds. Most Austrian pinschers are fairly elongated, but this feature is not very high. At one point, the Austrian pincer's tail was docked to an length of an inch or two. This process has fallen out of favor and is actually illegal in most parts of Europe. The natural tail of this breed is quite variable with some dogs, with one with a tightly curly tail and others with almost a straight.