Dog Breed Group: Working Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: 50-70 pounds
Height: 23.5-25.5 inches (male), 21.5-23.5 inches (female)
Origin of Name: The Berger Picard or Picardy Shepherd is a French herding dog originating in Picardy.
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France remained an agricultural nation long after the Industrial Revolution began in other parts of Europe. And even today, livestock and dairy are integral to the French national character. Among the many grazing dogs developed by French shepherds for centuries, the Berger Picard (bare ZHAY pee CARR) may be the oldest.
This rustic shepherd was revered in northern France by the Central-European Celts, who invaded Gaul in prehistory. While not every authority is in the doctrine, all can agree that Picard is a breed of great antiquity, with bribes and bayousuns with a close family of such French shepherds.
The breed derives its name from its home territory, Picardy. (In some countries, Berger Picard is known as Picardy Shepherd.) Picard, today a part of the Hauts-de-France region, has always been known as a great agricultural center and the Miles of Rich Pastry. It is no surprise, then, that the region's farmers and herders were so proud of their indigenous flocks. It was exhibited at France's first dog show in 1863, and by the turn of the century dedicated breeders were in the works of fixing the breed type of Picard.
The two world wars of the 20th century brought an end to European populations of many breeds, but the remnants of the war were particularly harsh on Picard. Picardy, in the valley of the Somer River, was the site of a brutal battle in both wars, killing inanimate fields and turning them into fields. Picard almost went extinct, but this enthusiastic and outspoken dog, although still rare, has made a comeback in recent years. The breed's visibility was enhanced when a Berger Picard played the title role in the 2005 film "Winn Dixie's Cause". The breed received another splash of recognition in 2015, when the Berger Picard Club of America was admitted to the American Kennel Club.