Origin: United States
Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-18 years
Origin of Name: The Black Mouth Cur, also known as the Southern Cur, Southern Black Mouth Cur.
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In truth, no one knows where or how the black mouth curve developed. It is known for certain that these dogs were developed as general-purpose farm dogs in the southern United States and have been both widespread and well-known in the region since at least the 19th century. The Black Mouth Curve is one of the most populous and well-known breeds. Many believe that the term curve means mixed breed dog. This applies not only to how the term is used in modern Great Britain, but also when not applied in the United States, where the Black Mouth Cure, and many other Curs) are in fact pure bred. In the United States, Curve is a member of an elite general-purpose group that serves as farm dogs. In many ways the word is similar to terrier or hound, as it refers to a whole group of breeds and mixed breed dogs. Although Curs exhibit a large variety, they are typically medium to large in size, drop-eared, very athletic, energetic, intelligent, protective, basic in body design, and have strong hunting and herring instincts.
Curs are bred almost exclusively as Working Dogs, and until recently were unused. Additionally, they have traditionally been found in rural areas and were traditionally owned by working farmers and hunters. As a result, their breeding records have not been kept as carefully as those of other modern breeds, and their origins remain a complete mystery. Because of the great similarity of Curs to European breeds, it is almost universally agreed that they are descendants of European dogs who arrived in America with the earliest colonists and then crossed well with each other and possibly Native American dogs too.
It is quite possible that the American Coors breeds descended from the now extinct British Curb breeds. The first surviving written use of the word cur dates from 1200, and was a derivation of the word curdogge. The word Cur is believed to have come from the Germanic word "Karen", meaning "to grow" or the Celtic word, "cu", meaning "dog." At one time, the British Isles had many varieties of curves, usually divided into types of guarding, hunting, and shepherding. Most reports of these dogs indicated that they were most common in areas of greater Celtic influence, such as Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and northern England. This association with the Celts has been observed by many researchers on the subject and may imply that the original curs were Celtic dogs. If so, it is much more likely that the word Cure is of Celtic origin. The cubs were noted for their ability to protect livestock, hunting game and from predators such as wolves.