Bukovina Shepherd Dog is a livestock keeper native to the Carpathian Mountains of northeastern Romania. The Bukovina Shepherd Dog was initially banned from protecting sheep, sheep, wolves, and herds of sheep from human bandits, who live in their mountain home, but in recent years, the breed has been used primarily by individuals. And is used for property protection as well as family companionship. The breed is rapidly spreading in popularity in its native Romania, where it is the best known of all dogs. However, the Bukovina Shepherd Dog has not yet gained popularity outside its motherland and is considered a very rare breed elsewhere. The Bukovina Shepherd Dog is also known as the Bukovina Sheepdog, Bukovina Shepherd, Bukovina Mountain Dog, Bukovina Wolf Dog, Bukovinac, Siobanesque de Bukovina, Dulou, and Capau (spelling bukovina is often used). The Bukovina Shepherd Dog is not to be confused with Romania’s other two livestock guard breeds, Myriatic / Barak and Carpetine / Zavod.
The Bukovina Shepherd Dog was developed for dog breeding, usually before written records, and has been bred by illiterate farmers in one of the most remote regions of Europe. As a result, virtually nothing is known with certainty about its origin. It is clear that the breed was developed entirely within the mountainous region of Bukovina, and when the Austro-Hungarian Empire took over the region in the 1700s, it was well established. There is some dispute as to which group Bukovina Shepherd Dog is properly into. Many believe that the dog is a type of mastiff, also known as mollosers, dogs, and allants. Although each breed is different, mastiffs are characterized by their large size, strong protective instinct, great strength and vigor, small dense coat, brachycephalic (pushing) face, and European or Near Eastern ancestry. Although their development is one of the most deeply disputed aspects of canine history, it is generally agreed that mastiffs were spread throughout Europe during the Roman period. Some examples of Mastiff / Moloser-type dogs include the English Mastiff, St. Bernard, Dogu de Bordeaux, the Great Dane, and the American Pit Bull Terrier.
In recent years it has been realized that many breeds of European and Near Eastern livestock actually preceded the Roman Empire. These dogs are large and powerful, but lack the brachycephalic faces of true mastiffs and usually have medium to long coats that are almost always predominantly white in color. Most of the breeds are confined to the mountainous regions. Researchers have named the group Lupomolocids, which roughly translates to wolf dogs such as mollossars. The breeds most classified as Lupomolocids include the Great Pyrenees, the Maremma Sheepdog, the Kuvas, the Komondor, the Akbush Dog, and the Tatra Mountain Sheepdog. The Bukovina Shepherd Dog fits almost perfectly into the definition of lupomolocid, as it is a large and powerful livestock protector native to a mountainous region of Europe, has a long wolf-like head and muzzle, and a long, predominantly white Is the coat. In the opinion of this author, the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is almost a leupomolycid rather than a true mastiff.
There are three general lines of thought regarding the original ancestry of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog. It is most commonly claimed that the breed is a descendant of pre-Roman dogs. The people of Romania who ban the Bukovina Shepherd Dog are generally considered descendants of Dacian, a Thracian tribe that occupied Romania before the Roman Conquest. The Dacians were known to be highly skilled dog breeders, who raised dogs for war, shepherding, guarding, and hunting. Many claim that Dacian dogs are the primary ancestor of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog, just as Dacians are claimed to be the primary ancestors of the Romanian. This theory is most likely. If the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is lupomolocid, it almost certainly precedes the Roman era. Additionally, mountainous areas such as Bukovina typically have dog populations that change very little over time, as can be seen elsewhere in the Pyrenees, Alps, and Carpathians.
Other theories suggest that the breed first entered Bukovina during the Roman Times. During the Roman period of occupation, thousands of Roman immigrants filled Dacia to take advantage of their vast mineral wealth, almost certainly bringing their dogs with them. Additionally, the Roman army was always accompanied by several breeds of dogs, mainly the Molossus that were used in battle, and the Roman Cattle Dogging Dog, which was necessary for grazing cattle herds on a large scale. Although much controversy, these Roman dogs are widely believed to be Mastiff-type. If the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is a Mastiff, it was probably introduced by the Romans.
Another possible lineage for the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is that it was brought to Bukovina by the Steppies nomads. Bukovina lies on the border of the Steps and has been repeatedly attacked by nomads from the meadows, including the Huns, Magyars, Mongols, Tatars, Cumans, and Turks. Interestingly, most of these people had dogs, which are similar in appearance to Bukovina Shepherd Dog including Hunar Aftarska, Magyar / Kaman Kuvas and Komondor, and Turkish Akbel Dog and Anatolian Shepherd. It is quite possible (and indeed probable) that any or all of these people brought their dogs to Bukovina where they either became the ancestors of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog or at least influenced its development.
Although the Bukovina Shepherd Dog was developed, it became widespread throughout the region. The breed was used to protect flocks of sheep and goats kept by Romanian residents of the area, commonly referred to as Vlachs, Rumanians, Wallachians, Transylvanians, and / or Moldovans before 1.
The Bukovina Shepherd Dog is similar to many other large mountain dog breeds, but exhibits more color and is more lightly made than most. This breed is very large in size. The average male Bukovina Shepherd Dog is 26¾ to 30 tall tall at the shoulder, while the average female is 25 to 28 the long. The weight of the breed is determined by its height but most weigh between 70 and 120 pounds. The majority of Bukovina Shepherd Dog’s body is obscured by its long and wavy hair, but underneath is a very muscular and powerfully built dog. Although the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is very powerful, it is much less manufactured than a dog like the Great Pyrenees. The tail of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is relatively long and quite variable in appearance. Many dogs have a straight tail, while others have a curve that ranges from very slight to almost full loops, although the tail should never be bent backwards.
The head and face of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is quite large and powerful without looking out of proportion to the size of the dog. The wide head is almost completely flat at the apex. The muzzle and face are quite distinct from each other and connect at an angle of approximately 90 degrees. The muzzle itself is quite wide, though it is largely tempered at the end. A scissors cutting is preferred, but a level cutting is also acceptable. The lips of this breed are relatively tight fitting, although some are slightly pendulous. The eyes of this breed are small for the size of the head, which are completely set, and are brown or hazel colored. Bukovina Shepherd Dog’s years are V-shaped and hang down close to the sides of the head.
The coat of the Bukovina Shepherd Dog is long, dense, thick, straight and hard to touch. Most of the body is covered with hair, which is between 2 to 3 in in length. The hair is quite short on the head, face and fronts of all four legs. The coat is long at the neck where it forms a prominent mane, which looks bushy at the tail, and behind all four legs, though not to the extent that is considered a feather. The majority of Bukovina Shepherd dogs are predominantly black, brown, sand charcoal and / or white colored with varying sizes of hair. Most dogs have patches of the same color, but there are exceptions. Dogs of this color usually have small pieces of color on their feet, which is perfectly acceptable. Sometimes a solid black or solid white Bukovina Shepherd Dog will be born. These colors are acceptable, but limited to a great extent.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
As one might expect from seeing a dog’s coat, the Bukovina Shepherd Dog has substantial requirements for grooming. While this dog only needs professional grooming if its owners want to shave it in the summer months, it has to be thoroughly brushed either daily or every other day. Owners can expect at least an hour or two of maintenance each week, due to the length of the coat and the size of the dog. This breed is also a very, very heavy cheddar. Bukovina Shepherd Dogs shed both a tremendous amount and can almost continuously and completely cover furniture, clothing, and carpets with long white hair with a harsh texture that can make them very sticky and difficult to remove. This shed becomes very bad when the weather changes and dogs change most of its coat.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
This breed is classified as “somewhat active”, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily sports sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality play time with their owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if one makes a dash for freedom, you may find it hard to hold back or call. They participate in obedience, agility and rally competitions.
They should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
It does not appear that any health survey has been conducted on the Bukovina Shepherd Dog which makes it impossible to make a definitive statement about the overall health of the breed. In fact, almost no information about the breed is available. It is probably fair to say that because this breed is so large that its life expectancy is much lower than many breeds. However, it is also fair to say that it has significantly better health than most other similar-sized breeds as it was specifically banned as a Working Dog in very harsh conditions for the last 30 years and largely to most Poor modern dog breeding has been spared. Practices.
Because this breed may have skeletal and visual problems, it is advisable for owners to have their pets tested by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF). OFA and CERF perform genetic and other tests before identifying potential health defects. It is particularly valuable in detecting conditions that do not appear until the dog has reached an advanced age, it is especially important for anyone considering breeding their dog , Which has tested them to prevent the spread of potential genetic conditions to their offspring. It is very reasonable to request that breeders have to show any OFA and CERF documents that they have a puppy or its parents, which will essentially be all respectable breeders.
While it is unclear what conditions predominate in the Bukovina Shepherd Dog, dogs of similar size, use, and coat type include some of the most common concerns: