The Chinese Chongqing Dog (pronounced chun-ching) is a multipurpose working breed, native to the Chinese regions of Chongqing and Sichuan. Although the lineage of this breed remains a mystery, it is considered one of the oldest breeds in China, with a history dating back at least 2,000 years. The Chongqing Dog was originally used as a Hunting Dog, but in modern times it is known as a Guard Dog and companion animal. As a result of persecution by the Communist Party, the Chinese Chongqing Dog almost went extinct in the middle of the 20th century and is still considered one of the rare dog breeds in the world. In China, the breed is known by many names, including Chuandong Dog, East Sichuan Hunting Dog, Babu Rater, Mountain Dog, Mountain Dog, Hachuan Dog, Pak Tin Par Dog and Linshui Dog.
Although dogs are often depicted in Chinese artwork, they are rarely mentioned in Chinese literature. Even more problematic is the fact that until very recently, there was no interest in canine historical research in China for about 15 or so years. This lack of evidence makes it almost impossible to make a definitive statement on the history of the Chinese Chongqing Dog or any breed of China for that matter. From this, little can be said about the history of the Chinese Chongqing Dog, which is little more than speculation of the 1980s, although sufficient evidence exists to make several general statements. It is clear that the Chinese Chongqing dog was developed in China many centuries ago, and has always been associated with Chongqing and Sichuan. Based on many physical and temperamental features such as a solid blue-black tongue and facial wrinkles, the Chinese Chongqing Dog is almost certainly related to two other Chinese breeds, the Chow Chow and the Shar Pei.
Dogs were either the first domestic animals in China or one of the first two with a pig. It is unclear how the dog was brought to China and there are three competing theories. Some claim that the dog was first domesticated in China, and all dogs are descendants of a small population of Chinese wolves. Others claim that the dog was first domesticated in Tibet, India or the Middle East and later spread to China through trade and military conquests. Still others believe that the dog was domesticated together in China and another location in Asia and eventually the two populations merged. Regardless, as long as Chinese civilization exists, the dog existed in China. The dogs were certainly kept by the first Chinese farmers, and almost certainly by their nomadic hunter-gatherers. The first Chinese dogs probably played the same roles as their counterparts elsewhere in the ancient world, such as guardians, hunting allies, companions, and sources of food and skins.
It is unclear what these first Chinese dogs looked like, but most experts agree that they are the form and nature of many primitive breeds found around the world, including the Dingo of Australia, the New Guinea Singing Dog in Papua New Guinea. I was similar. Carolina Dog of the United States. In fact, dogs can be classified as dingoes that are still occasionally found in southern China. These early dogs were probably descended from the smaller, less invasive wolves of southern Asia and were best adapted for life in tropical and subtropical climates. In order to adapt to life in mountainous regions and arid climates found in northern China, the first Chinese dogs were certainly crossed with larger, more bulky wolves found in those areas. The resulting cross-bred dogs are known in the West as Spitzen. At a somewhat later date, the Tibetan people developed two different types of dogs, perhaps as a result of crossing early dogs with Tibetan wolves. There was a very large and powerful guarding breed known as the Tibetan Mastiff. The other was a small and affectionate companion animal. Both types were brachycephalic, meaning that they had small, pushing faces, and wrinkled faces. Trade and conquest eventually introduced both breeds to China where they became well established. These four types of dogs, primitive dingo-like dogs, Spitz-type dogs, mastiff-type dogs, and pug-like companion breeds were regularly crossed, resulting in all of today’s Chinese breeds.
At some point, the Chinese developed a unique type of dog, possibly by heavily crossing all four ancestral types. The type was typified by a loose, wrinkled skin, medium size, a curled tail, a low-set stocky body, and a blue-black tongue. While it is not clear, these blue-black tongue dogs were almost certainly multipurpose dogs, used for hunting, property guarding, and food sources. This new type was very well established throughout China by the time of the Han dynasty, which ruled China in about 206 BCE. By 220 A.D these dogs were very often depicted in Chinese artwork, especially sculptures, and are known as Han dogs for their popularity during this time. These pieces feature a dog who is equally, if not identical, to modern day Cho Cho, Shar Peis and Chinese Chongqing Dog. There is ample controversy among the hardliners of the three breeds as to which of the three breeds Han Dog represents, but the absolute truth will probably remain a mystery forever. In the opinion of this author, the Han Dog exhibits distinct characteristics of all three dogs and probably actually represents a common shared ancestor that was later developed into several new breeds.
The Chinese Chongqing Dog has the most unique appearance of any dog breed and is completely unimaginable to people familiar with this animal. The Chinese Chongqing dog is a symbol of a medium-sized dog. Males typically stand on the shoulder between 16 and 19½ and weigh between 44 and 54 pounds. Small females typically weigh between 14 and 16 at the shoulder and weigh between 33 and 44 pounds. It is a breed with a very class ratio, although some individuals are tall from chest to tail, as they are tall from roof to shoulder. In general, this breed is quite stock and compact, but not to a great extreme. Most breed members are of a body type, similar to a working-line American pit bull terrier. The Chinese Chongqing Dog is a very muscular breed, whose athleticism and tone is clearly visible under its short coat. This breed has some loose skin, but not to the extent where it reduces the appearance of muscle.
The tail of the Chinese Chongqing Dog is perhaps the most unique feature of the breed. These dogs have what are known as bamboo tails. This tail is naturally medium to short in length and is high on the dog’s body. The tail is usually completely straightened without any curve. When the dog is in motion, the tail is usually slightly straightened at an angle of about 45 degrees from the back. The tail is incredibly thick at the base, but tapers to a very sharp point at the end. Perhaps the most interesting thing is that the Chinese Chongqing Dog’s tail is almost completely hairless.
The head and face of the Chinese Chongqing Dog is also quite unique. The head of this breed is large for body size, and clearly demonstrates immense strength. The skull is flat at the apex and possesses well-articulated cheek muscles, showing that the dog has a square head. The muzzle is quite distinct from the rest of the head and attaches to it quite abruptly. The muzzle itself is quite small, but very wide and deep, which gives a square profile. The top lip of this breed completely covers the lower lip but should always be tight fitting. Mouth is the specialty of another major breed. Like Chow Chow and Sher Pei, the Chinese Chongqing Dog’s mouth and tongue are predominantly blue-black. While it is preferred that both are solidly blue-black, mixed blue-black and pink. The nose of the Chinese Chongqing Dog should be larger, darker and slightly higher than the rest of the snout. The face of the Chinese Chongqing Dog is covered in wrinkles. These wrinkles should not be excessive like the Chinese lion pei or pug, but are usually compared to pet-quality English bulldogs and English mastiffs. The color of the eyes should be dark brown and neither sunken nor bulging. Ears of this breed are another prominent feature. They should be small, triangular in shape, straight forward, strongly protruding, and either completely hairless or nearly so. The overall expression of most Chinese Chongqing dogs is intense, intelligent, and somewhat primitive.
The coat of Chinese Chongqing Dog is very unique, with the same Shar Pei. The coat is short, flat, not dense and is very stiff to the touch. Ideally, the coat should be visibly shiny. Many breed members have coats that are so sparse that they are almost hairless, although complete childlessness is not seen in this breed. The ears and tail are usually completely hairless, and sometimes also have a muzzle, face, neck, chest, and abdomen. The back of this breed also usually has less hair than the rest of the body. The Chinese Chongqing dog should be of solid color, ideally brown, dark brown or reddish brown. A small white patch on the chest is acceptable. The black skin of this breed is often clearly visible, making some dogs look as if they have black mitsu, face, chest, tail, and ears. In recent years, Chinese Chongqing dogs from Chongqing have seen some additional colors such as solid black, but most experts believe that these animals are actually cross breeds.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
Chinese Chongqing Dog has minimum coat care requirements. This breed should never require professional grooming, just a regular brushing. This breed should be bathed only occasionally to prevent the loss of important natural oils. There do not seem to be many reports on the shedding of Chinese Chongqing Dog. It is probably reasonable to assume that this breed is not shed, but not very much due to its thin coat. This does not mean that the breed is a good choice for people suffering from allergies, as similarly coated shar pei is one of the worst breeds for people with allergies. Owners of Chinese Chongqing dogs should clean the dog’s facial wrinkles on a daily basis. Otherwise food, water and other particles can get trapped in them, which can cause irritation and infection.
Obedience training is necessary for this breed. Young puppies should begin with early socialization and puppy training classes. These help ensure that they will grow into a well-adjusted, well-run companion. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
This breed is classified as “somewhat active”, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.
They should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, freshwater must be available at all times.
It does not appear that any health studies have been conducted on the Chinese Chongqing Dog, which makes it impossible to make a definitive statement on the health of the breed. However, reports from China and some of those dogs in the west feel that it is a very healthy breed. The Chinese Chongqing Dog is restricted almost exclusively to its ability to function, and until recently almost all breeding was conducted without human intervention. This means that the breed is significantly smaller than most breeds, even those with greater populations. Any genetic defects from this breed would be quickly eliminated, as the affected dogs either died naturally or were snatched by their owners. There are no known genetically inherited defects in this breed, a condition that breeders are dedicated to continuing unabated. The unique coat of this breed appears to be somewhat vulnerable to skin conditions, but most are not very severe. The good health and medium size of the Chinese Chongqing Dog combine to give the breed one of the highest life expectancies of any breed. Most breed members survive to an incredibly advanced age of 17 or 18, due to accident, communicable disease, or injury.
The Chinese Chongqing Dog has some special care requirements. Like many ancient breeds, the Chinese Chongqing dog is intolerant of most modern commercially produced dog foods. To stay healthy, these dogs must be fed only the highest grade dog foods and will be preferably fed human grade foods. The small face of this breed also makes it somewhat difficult for them to get enough oxygen. Some breed members may be highly sensitive to heat because they cannot carry enough air to cool themselves. Extra care should be taken with these dogs when the temperature rises such as limiting the duration and type of outdoor play and the provision of additional water. The short coat of this breed also creates some unique requirements. This dog has virtually no protection from cold. When the temperature decreases, these dogs should be provided with coats and boots to protect them from frostbite, disease and death. Lack of hair, especially those found on the back, tail, ears and face, also makes this breed vulnerable to sunburn. Owners should limit the amount of time these dogs spend outside, and should apply sunscreen regularly if they are in the sun for any length.
Although skeletal and visual problems are not thought of in this breed at high rates it is advisable for owners to keep their pets by both the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) Do the test. OFA and CERF perform genetic and other tests before identifying potential health defects. This is particularly valuable in detecting conditions that do not appear until the dog has reached an advanced age, it is especially important for anyone considering breeding their dog , Which has tested them to prevent the spread of potential genetic conditions to their offspring.
Although health studies have not been conducted for Chipiparai, a number have been on similar and closely related breeds. Some of Hound’s biggest concerns in those breeds include: