Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 18 years
Weight: Male: 20-22.5, Female: 16-17.5
Height: Male: 17-18, Female: 14-15
Origin of Name: Chongqing dog is a rare and old breed of dog that is believed to have first appeared 2,000 years ago during the Han Dynasty in southwestern.
|Size||Temperament||Shedding||Drooling||Monthly keeping cost|
Although dogs are often depicted in Chinese artwork, they are rarely mentioned in Chinese literature. Even more problematic is the fact that until very recently, there was no interest in canine historical research in China for about 15 or so years. This lack of evidence makes it almost impossible to make a definitive statement on the history of the Chinese Chongqing Dog or any breed of China for that matter. From this, little can be said about the history of the Chinese Chongqing Dog, which is little more than speculation of the 1980s, although sufficient evidence exists to make several general statements. It is clear that the Chinese Chongqing dog was developed in China many centuries ago, and has always been associated with Chongqing and Sichuan. Based on many physical and temperamental features such as a solid blue-black tongue and facial wrinkles, the Chinese Chongqing Dog is almost certainly related to two other Chinese breeds, the Chow Chow and the Shar Pei.
Dogs were either the first domestic animals in China or one of the first two with a pig. It is unclear how the dog was brought to China and there are three competing theories. Some claim that the dog was first domesticated in China, and all dogs are descendants of a small population of Chinese wolves. Others claim that the dog was first domesticated in Tibet, India or the Middle East and later spread to China through trade and military conquests. Still others believe that the dog was domesticated together in China and another location in Asia and eventually the two populations merged. Regardless, as long as Chinese civilization exists, the dog existed in China. The dogs were certainly kept by the first Chinese farmers, and almost certainly by their nomadic hunter-gatherers. The first Chinese dogs probably played the same roles as their counterparts elsewhere in the ancient world, such as guardians, hunting allies, companions, and sources of food and skins.
It is unclear what these first Chinese dogs looked like, but most experts agree that they are the form and nature of many primitive breeds found around the world, including the Dingo of Australia, the New Guinea Singing Dog in Papua New Guinea. I was similar. Carolina Dog of the United States. In fact, dogs can be classified as dingoes that are still occasionally found in southern China. These early dogs were probably descended from the smaller, less invasive wolves of southern Asia and were best adapted for life in tropical and subtropical climates. In order to adapt to life in mountainous regions and arid climates found in northern China, the first Chinese dogs were certainly crossed with larger, more bulky wolves found in those areas. The resulting cross-bred dogs are known in the West as Spitzen. At a somewhat later date, the Tibetan people developed two different types of dogs, perhaps as a result of crossing early dogs with Tibetan wolves. There was a very large and powerful guarding breed known as the Tibetan Mastiff. The other was a small and affectionate companion animal. Both types were brachycephalic, meaning that they had small, pushing faces, and wrinkled faces. Trade and conquest eventually introduced both breeds to China where they became well established. These four types of dogs, primitive dingo-like dogs, Spitz-type dogs, mastiff-type dogs, and pug-like companion breeds were regularly crossed, resulting in all of today's Chinese breeds.
At some point, the Chinese developed a unique type of dog, possibly by heavily crossing all four ancestral types. The type was typified by a loose, wrinkled skin, medium size, a curled tail, a low-set stocky body, and a blue-black tongue. While it is not clear, these blue-black tongue dogs were almost certainly multipurpose dogs, used for hunting, property guarding, and food sources. This new type was very well established throughout China by the time of the Han dynasty, which ruled China in about 206 BCE. By 220 A.D these dogs were very often depicted in Chinese artwork, especially sculptures, and are known as Han dogs for their popularity during this time. These pieces feature a dog who is equally, if not identical, to modern day Cho Cho, Shar Peis and Chinese Chongqing Dog. There is ample controversy among the hardliners of the three breeds as to which of the three breeds Han Dog represents, but the absolute truth will probably remain a mystery forever. In the opinion of this author, the Han Dog exhibits distinct characteristics of all three dogs and probably actually represents a common shared ancestor that was later developed into several new breeds.