Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 2-2.5, Female: 2-2.5
Height: Male: 8-8.5, Female: 8-8.5
Origin of Name: The dachshund was bred in Germany hundreds of years ago to hunt badgers.
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""Dachshund"" is a German word meaning ""badger dog"", and the German history of the breed goes back some 600 years. And, as the breed name suggests, Dashshund was developed to enthusiastically dig its way into a bad den and send its occupant. Dachshund's long, lower body was custom-made for this dirty underground work.
For a dog of any size, a badger is a formidable repellent, weighing from 25 to 40 pounds, with razor-sharp teeth and claws. The shrewdness, courage, tenacity, and strength that are the hallmarks of present-day Dachshund, were first designed to equip their long-time ancestors with the best to grapple with a deadly enemy. The small dog's surprisingly tall, bark of the hound is also a shock to its working roots: it allowed human hunting companions above the dachshund to mark the underground location of its hound.
In addition to the short, smooth coat of the breed, selective breeding produced variants with wire coats for work in barbed barrier patches, and long coats for cool climates. Dachshunds of different sizes were restricted to work on different types of mines. Packs of dachshunds were, according to breed officials, often used on wild boar. By the late 1800s, the process of standardizing the breed according to size, coat and color varieties was well underway.
The Dakshund has long been a national symbol of Germany, so closely associated with the fatherland that American fundamentalists during World War I called them Liberty Hounds because of their anti-German sentiment. Enlisted in the AKC Stud Book in 1885, his popularity in the US was immediate and lasting.