Dog Breed Group: Working Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 50-52, Female: 45-47
Height: Male: 23-23, Female: 27-26
Origin of Name: The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French mastiff breed.
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The Dog de Bordeaux is one of several AKC breeds that have spread so far back in history that it is impossible to pinpoint its exact origins. One theory states that the dog is an indigenous French breed developed over thousands of years. Other theories include mastiff, destiny mastiff, Tibetan mastiff, and Greek mastiff-type names of possible close ancestors.
A prevalent original legend is that the ancestors of the Dog were in France (then called Gaul) by Julius Caesar in the first century BCE. These giant mastiff-types were used as both Rome's war dogs and ferocious gladiators, who fought in the arena with other dogs and wild animals.
For centuries ""Bordeaux Mastiff"" or ""Bordeaux Bulldog"", as it was sometimes called, apparently came in two size varieties. The smaller variety, Doguin, disappears from historical records dating back to the 1700s, leaving a slightly larger version of the breed we know today as the Dog de Bordeaux.
Throughout the breed's long history, dogs underscored its usefulness as dog fighting and were employed several times as hunters, drafts, and guardians. By the late 1700s, they were used as Guard Dogs on vast estates of nobility. This employment came to an abrupt end with the French Revolution, when the Doge's aristocratic masters were jailed and the guillotine was closed.
The breed survived bloodshed and found work as a livestock dispute, a job that earned him the nickname ""Butcher's Dog"".
In modern times, the breed was virtually unknown outside France until the 1989 release of the film ""Turner and Hooch"". In the comedy starring Tom Hanks as a detective, stubborn, but lovable dog-helping police detective, the breed was introduced to audiences around the world.