The Dogue de Bordeaux is an immensely powerful mastiff-type guardian. Males can go 27 high and 110 pounds. The short, eye-catching coat is a richly colored fawn. The massive head features a Bulldog-like undershot jaw, expressive eyes, and a deeply furrowed brow. It is, proportionately, the largest head in the canine kingdom. The body is stocky and close to the ground, but Dogues can move like lions when duty calls.
DDBs of proper temperament are sweet and sensitive souls. Owners appreciate their breed’s loyalty to loved ones of all ages, but also say DDBs can be stubborn and will dominate those who fail to apply firm training in puppyhood. When acquiring such a strapping super-dog, finding a responsible breeder is key.
The Dog de Bordeaux is one of several AKC breeds that have spread so far back in history that it is impossible to pinpoint its exact origins. One theory states that the dog is an indigenous French breed developed over thousands of years. Other theories include mastiff, destiny mastiff, Tibetan mastiff, and Greek mastiff-type names of possible close ancestors.
A prevalent original legend is that the ancestors of the Dog were in France (then called Gaul) by Julius Caesar in the first century BCE. These giant mastiff-types were used as both Rome’s war dogs and ferocious gladiators, who fought in the arena with other dogs and wild animals.
For centuries “”Bordeaux Mastiff”” or “”Bordeaux Bulldog””, as it was sometimes called, apparently came in two size varieties. The smaller variety, Doguin, disappears from historical records dating back to the 1700s, leaving a slightly larger version of the breed we know today as the Dog de Bordeaux.
Throughout the breed’s long history, dogs underscored its usefulness as dog fighting and were employed several times as hunters, drafts, and guardians. By the late 1700s, they were used as Guard Dogs on vast estates of nobility. This employment came to an abrupt end with the French Revolution, when the Doge’s aristocratic masters were jailed and the guillotine was closed.
The breed survived bloodshed and found work as a livestock dispute, a job that earned him the nickname “”Butcher’s Dog””.
In modern times, the breed was virtually unknown outside France until the 1989 release of the film “”Turner and Hooch””. In the comedy starring Tom Hanks as a detective, stubborn, but lovable dog-helping police detective, the breed was introduced to audiences around the world.
The Dog de Bordeaux is one of the oldest French breeds. He is a typical brachycephalic mollosid type. He is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline. Rather built closer to the ground, the distance from the deepest point of the chest to the ground is slightly less than the depth of the chest. A huge head with proper proportions and features is an important feature of the breed. His serious expression, sticky and athletic build, and self-assurance impose him a lot. The bitch has similar characteristics, but is less prominent.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
The breed is well known for how little they do, and wrinkles on their facial area require special attention at least weekly, sometimes daily, to see if they are clean and Is kept dry. It is also important to clean the ears at least once a week and check for signs of debris or infection. Nails should be trimmed monthly. Dogu de Bordeaux should take a bath every four weeks. Between baths, wiping him with a damp towel can keep him luxurious and fragrant. The short coat of the breed will flow year round; Loose hair can be placed using a rubber curry or a shedding blade that comes loosely to the floor.
Socialization and early obedience training should be a complete. Dog de Bordeaux is a sensitive breed that requires trust, and should avoid a rough trainer or heavy-handed approach. Discipline should be firm and consistent without being rigid; The breed is not owned by a timid or very busy person.
To avoid stretching on the development of bones and joints, young Bordeaux should be limited to low-impact exercise until at least 18 months of age. They should not be overexerted and allowed to walk up and down stairs or jump surfaces. Swimming is an excellent exercise for Bordeaux of any age. An older Bordeaux can work more firmly, including working like pulling a car.
Dogue de Bordeaux should be given a high quality dog food suitable for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Give very little to table scraps, if not at all, especially avoid cooked bones and foods with high fat content. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet.
Bloat, or gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), is a serious concern in Dogu de Bordeaux. Owners must educate themselves to recognize the signs that are bloating, and know what action to take. Heart disease, cancer, orthopedic issues (such as hips and elbows), and epilepsy are also a concern in the breed. Responsible breeders may have screened their stock for situations in which there may be a risk of breed. As with all breeds, a Dog de Bordeaux’s ear should be examined regularly for signs of infection, and teeth should be brushed frequently.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club: