Origin: United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 72-105, Female: 55-77
Height: Male: 30-33, Female: 27.5-30
Origin of Name: The English Mastiff is a breed of large dog.
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In tracing the history of this great breed, we note the difference between mastiffs, with ""me,"" and mastiffs, the lower part of England's traditional giant breed, sometimes called the Old English Mastiff. Can avoid confusion. Dogs known as Mastiffs have been known worldwide for thousands of years. Evidence from ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, China, and Tibet suggests that all the giant canine traces are classified as mustaches. The Tibetan Mastiff and the Destination Mastiff are examples of these ancient breeds, which are endowed to this day.
The British Mastiff type, the AKC breed we know as Mastiff, is a similar ancient breed. When Julius Caesar led the invasion of Britain in 55 BCE, he was impressed by the mastiffs who helped defend the island against their giants and noted it in their expedition journal. The British Mastiff was brought back to Rome to battle wild animals and human gladiators in the arena.
Mastiff as we know it came into focus in medieval England, used as big game hunters, night guard of estates, and war dogs. In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer calls them ""allants"" (the name of a French breed) and states that they were ""as great as any steer / to hunt lions or deer."" The Mastiffs fought against the French in 1415 in a battle of fire with the French, later immortalized by Shakespeare.
At the end of World War II, England emerged victorious, but was defeated. It was estimated that only 14 mastiffs survived across the country. The Mastiff population was reconstructed with the help of American breeders, who exported samples from good British stock to the mother country. Today's Mastiff is more humble and friendly than its ancient forebears, but no less courageous.