Origin: United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 30-35, Female: 20-25
Height: Male: 25-27, Female: 23-25
Origin of Name: The English Setter is a medium-size breed of dog.
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The history of the English setter goes back some 400–500 years. Early officials say the breed precedes the pointer in development. Evidence in the players' writings suggests that the English setter originally originated from the Spanish pointer, the large water spaniel, and the cross of the Springer spaniel.
The setter was developed to silence, or ""set"" when they located Game Birds. At that time this style of hunting required hunters to cast a net in the area, sometimes covering the dog as well, and chasing away birds that were deprived. This low-lying method was ideal for pure hunting because dogs standing at the point would be more easily entangled in the trap. Any breed that was branded ""set"", but eventually, the setting spaniel's deep nose and superiority in finding birds, made it the best choice in selective breeding, which developed dogs for this particular purpose. In the 18th century, firearms replaced traps and further selective breeding developed an upright point in setters, the better it was to see dogs from afar. The 19th century saw a divergence of setters in different breeds, which evolved based on their location and the area in which they hunted.
The development of the modern setter is attributed to Edward Leverac of England, who, in 1825, acquired the ""Ponto"" and ""Old Mole"" products of the 35-year-old English setter line. Another major figure in the development of this breed was R. LL. Purcell Llewellyn of Wales. Although he bought his dogs from Laverack, Llewellyn's focus was on field performances opposite Laverack, which is mostly associated with Showter. Once the breed was exported to the US in the 19th century, c. N. Myers of Blue Bar Kennels in Pennsylvania played a major role in the development of the English setter in the states.