Dog Breed Group: Hunting Dog
Life Span: 13-15 years
Weight: 35.5 pounds (16 kg)
Height: 13 inch (33 cm)
Origin of Name: The Basset Artésien Normand (Norman Artesian Basset) is a short legged hound type dog developed in France.
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During the Middle Ages, hunting became popular with hunting among the nobility of Europe. The game became one of the most important, if not the most important, form of entertainment enjoyed by the ruling class of Europe. Not only was hunting with a way to relax, it was also a way for the nobility to socialize and discuss political matters. The bonds of friendship and companionship developed over the victim often turn into bonds of personal and political loyalty. The decisions discussed on hunting affected the lives of millions of people across Europe. The game was now particularly popular in the land of France.
Initially, dog breeding was less careful than it is today. There were many types of dogs, and many types of lander, but very often there was mixing. The first records of organized dog breeding in Europe come from the Saint Hubert Monastery in France. St. Hubert is the patron saint of hounds and hunting and the monks of his monastery began to develop a highly specialized hunting mound. They began their breeding program sometime between 750 and 900, and the end result was a breed of dog known as the St Hubert Hound, or Bloodhound in England. There is a general belief that they were based on hunting their dogs brought back from the Holy Land, although there is very little historical fact on this basis. Eventually, it became custom to send several pairs of hounds to the monarch of France every year for the monastery. The French king would then distribute these dogs among his nobles as gifts. Partially inspired by the St. Hubert Hound, hunters throughout France began to develop their own unique breeds of the hound.
Eventually there were distinctive hounds all over France. Many of these have their origins in the Middle Ages or the early Renaissance. Unfortunately, few if any records were kept and therefore the origin of most of these breeds would be forever unknown. The oldest French hounds are thought to have descended from a mixture of dogs brought by Phoenicians, dogs owned by Pre-Roman Gauls and Besikas, dogs imported from across the Roman Empire and some dogs used by Germanic tribes. By the end of the Middle Ages, the St. Hubert Hound became widespread throughout France, and influenced the development of almost all other French hound breeds. Some other French breeds were widely distributed throughout France and were also highly influential, notably the now extinct Chien Gris and the Grand Blue de Gascogne.
Many unique breeds evolved in northern France. One such breed was known as Normand, which originated in Normandy. These dogs were elegant, tall and scroll-eared. Another breed was known as either Picardy or Chien d'Artois. This dog was developed in the neighboring areas of Perside and Artois. The Chien d'Artois is believed to be descended mainly from the St. Hubert Hound, although the breed has been heavily influenced by Normand and various English hounds and goons.
French hunters usually take a native breed and change it to suit the needs of different game or environments. This led to several varieties of many French hound breeds, which eventually became separate breeds. One of the most common forms is known as a basset. Baskets are long-bodied and short-legged dogs. Many different breeds of bassets have existed over the past several centuries, six of which survive to this day. The origins of bassets are some mystery. The first description of a dog as a basset comes from La Venieri, a hunting text illustrated in 1585 by Jacques du Fouilloux. These dogs are shown foxes and miscreants hunting these animals in a burrow. The hunter will then dig the mine. However, Jacques du Fouillaux's bassets are already highly developed, both in appearance and purpose. It is likely that they were developed many centuries ago. Indeed, the painting of Gaskany in the 1300s Show Dogs which may have been the Bousse Baleau de Gascogne. All of Foiloux's basets were wiry-coated; A feature was shared with the modern Basset Fauve de Bretten, Grand Basset Griffen Vendeen, and Petit Basset Griffen Vendeen.
It is not known how Bassett developed. Some believe that the dogs were specifically bitten by the mutated French hound. Others believe that French hounds were crossed with other small breeds such as Dachshund, Drever, Beagle or Corgis. Due to a paucity of records, the absolute truth may never be known, although most fans prefer the first. It is also not known how many breeds have a basit variety. In some theories many breeds of dogs are cut to size. Others have a breed of basset being developed and then crossed with several other breeds. The second theory is preferred in the literature and both are more likely. What is the Basset breed is up for original debate. Many believe that bass.