The bolognese is small, crisp and square. He is calm and passive, and devoted to his master and his people. They can be shy towards strangers, but quickly warm up if they are properly socially prepared. Prone to isolate anxiety, bologni does not do well alone for long periods of time. They will be sick for people with 9–5 workdays. Bolos is an old breed, known by royals and nobles in Roman times, and given as a precious gift between the rich and powerful.
Bologni was developed centuries ago in Bologna, Italy, and it is written that they were already valued in Italy as early as the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Due to its beauty, grace and charm, it became a favorite of nobility during the Renaissance. King Umberto of Italy gave a beautiful bolognese to the Belgian Princess Jose on his birthday. In addition, in 1668 Cosimo de Medici sent eight Bolognese by royal courier and asked his friend Colonel Almani in Belgium to give them as a gift to many wealthy and influential families in Brussels.
As time passed and the nobility passed along with it, Bologni became almost extinct. Some breeders in Europe, however, and especially a man in Italy, Gian Franco Gianelli, who loved the breed, restored it to its current popularity. The breed was brought to England by Liz Stannard in 1990 and was first shown that year in imported registered classes. In 2001, the breed could be featured on all shows with their own classes, and in 2002, they were on the Crufts Dog Show for the first time.
Bologni is similar in appearance to many other Bichon breeds, most notably Bichon fries. Bologni is mainly defined by its small size, curly coat and solid white color. Bolognese is the smallest breed. The average male is between 10 male and 12 in the shoulder of the Bologni, while the average female is between 9½ and 11 . While weight is strongly influenced by gender, height, and position, most of these dogs weigh between 5½ and 9 pounds. Unlike many similar breeds, which are taller than they are tall, the Bologni should be equal in length from chest to tail because it is longer from floor to shoulder. Although the breed’s coat looks very thick, the bolognese is actually a very finely constructed and burnt breed. However, this breed is significantly less fragile than many other toy breeds. The bolognese tail is of medium length. The tail is usually carried above the back in a loose curl, but some dogs hang their hangs low.
The head and face of the Bolognese is almost entirely filled with hair, which is only a pair of dark black eyes, visible through the white brown fur. The underside is a face that is similar to that found in spitz and primitive types of dogs. This breed has a long head for its body, with a skull that is about 1/3 of the dog’s height. Although Bolognese is not a small fake breed, its skull is usually slightly longer than its snout. The skull and the muzzle blend with each other very easily and run parallel. The muzzle ends in a large, black nose. Apart from being black, the Bolognese have large and round eyes, although they should never bulge or spread. The ears of the bolognese fall down, but are usually well away from the sides of the head. The overall expression of most members of the breed is enchanting, sociable and cheerful.
The bologni coat is probably the most important feature of the breed. According to the UKC standard (originally adopted from the Federation Synthological Internationale (FCI) standard), the Bologni coat should be long and rather fluffy over the entire dog; Something less on the muzzle only. It is in flocks, not in fringes. The coat is shown with a natural length, with no trimming except for cleaning the underside of the feet and for hygienic purposes. “Many Bolognese have coats that look curly while others have rough hair. Even though this breed should always look fluffy. Bolognese comes in only one acceptable color, pure white. This white should be as white as possible, with no traces of other colors or shades. Sometimes members of the breed will be born with colored or shaded markings. Such dogs are punished in the show ring and should not be bred but otherwise make excellent companions as members of another breed.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time
Bolognese has an all-white coat that is soft and fluffy like a cotton texture. She is also “non-shedding”, so there should be little impact for mild allergy sufferers. Bolognese coats are uncapped and unmarried in addition to their eyes for sanitary reasons. If Bologni is kept in its entire coat then it needs to be prepared regularly. For easy maintenance, many people are satisfied with keeping their boleos in a small coat of about an , leaving an untimely “mop head” around the face.
Beyond regular grooming, the occasional bath will keep your bolognese clean and look its best. Nails should sometimes be trimmed with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and breakage. The ear should be examined regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which may result in infection. The teeth should be brushed regularly.
Small dog breeds, such as Bolognese, may suffer from “small dog syndrome”. This is a human-induced behavior where the dog feels that he is a “pack leader” for humans and isolation can cause anxiety and timeliness. Those who own Bologni can gain the knowledge necessary to prevent or cure this behavior.
Bolos would make great apartment dogs, provided they still had a moderate exercise program. As a quiet, easy dog, they will do a good job for retirees and seniors. Exercise options may include playing time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or taken for a walk. Indoor entertainment, such as hide and seek, chase a ball rolled to the floor, or teach them new tricks are excellent low-key activities for low energy, but playful, bolognese.
Bolognese should perform well on high quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
Most of the Bolognese are healthy dogs, and a responsible breeder will screen the breeding stock for health conditions such as luxing patellas (compared to “trick knees” in humans) and eye anomalies. Good breeders use health screening and genetic testing to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.
Recommended Health Test from the American Bolognese Club;