Origin: United States
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male:10-13, Female: 10-12
Height: Male: 15-17, Female: 14-16
Origin of Name: The Boston Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the United States of America.
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The popularity of blood sports in 19th-century England caused a frenzy to cross terrier and bull-type breeds to generate dogs that could lead to fighting pits and participating in competition. In Liverpool in the late 1860s, a cross between the Bulldog and the now extinct White English Terrier led to the birth of a strict, fleshy dog named Judge.
The judge's owner sold him to an American named William O'Brien, who brought his new dog home to Boston. In 1870, O'Brien gave the judge a fellow Bosonian, Robert C. Sold to Hopper. Judges, since then known as "Hooper's Judges" in the history of the breed, became the patrons of the Boston Terrier breed and the common ancestor of nearly all true Bostons.
A breed historian described the judge as a "strongly built, highly positioned dog" weighing about thirty-two pounds. In color it was a dark stripe, with a white stripe on its face. His head was square and stunted, and resembled that of the current Boston Terrier, in which he had an almost identical mouth.
Hooper judges a little white woman named Burnett's Zip, owned by Edward Burnett of Southwest, Massachusetts. And, in a pedigree for fans of the Boston Terrier, the judge and Zip forgot Eiff of Well, who forgot Tobin Kate, and Boston's U.S. Through half-generations of history. During the early decades of the breed, selective breeding transformed the heavy fighter of Judge's time into a smaller, more sweet and more attractive Companion Dog, originally called Round Head by his parties.
In honor of the city, where these happy-go-lucky dogs were very laboriously developed, the breed's name was changed to the Boston Terrier. The Boston Terrier Club of America was formed in 1891, and two years later AKC registered the first dog of the breed.
To this day, the Boston Terriers are a point of hometown pride. The Boston Terrier has been the official mascot of Boston University for nearly 100 years, and in 1979 the state legislature named the official dog of Massachusetts the "American Gentleman".