Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 15.5-20, Female: 13.5-18.5
Height: Male: 18-20.5, Female: 17.5-20
Origin of Name: The Brittany is a breed of gun dog bred primarily for bird hunting.
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Brittany is the westernmost region of France, bounded by the English Channel in the north and the Bay of Biscay in the south. It was here hundreds of years ago, French hunters developed what is today considered one of the most versatile bird dogs in the world, capable of working on ducks, woodcock, partridge, partridge - just about anything with wings.
Brittany first comes to historical attention in 17th century paintings and tapestries. The frequency with which Brittany-type dogs appear in paintings and rustic scenes painted by French, Flemish, and Dutch masters of the period suggests that liver-and-white pointing dogs were quite common in Western Europe.
Brittany is a rustic dog, whose original devotees were medieval farmers and hunters, for whom people were a way of life. Unable to support a full kennel, they placed a premium on dogs capable of being all-purpose workers. Long ago, versatility in Brittany in the French countryside never left the breed.
Brittany was introduced to the US in 1931. In 1934, AKC registered the first dog of its breed, called the Brittany Spaniel. (In France, the breed is still known as ""lépagneul Breton,"" or Brittany Spaniel.) During the 20th century, American and French lines diverged. By the mid-century, the American breed of fancy signified their Britney more than Spaniards in working style, and in 1982 the AKC breed name was shortened to Brittany.
Under any classification, Brittany is happy, has durable hunting companions for stamina and an excellent nose for birds. They are among the most popular and successful field dogs in America. Over the years, hundreds of Britneys have won the elusive dual champion title of AKC, representing a dog who is a handsome showman in the ring and a capable goon in the field.