Origin: United States
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 30-35, Female: 25-32
Height: Male: 23-26, Female: 21-24
Origin of Name: The Chesapeake Bay retriever is the official state dog of Maryland, earning the designation in 1964.
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The wealthy owners of the duck clubs that made up both sides of the Chesapeake Bay during the 19th century determined the original breed type of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever. Newfoundlands, Irish water spaniels, and wounds of undetermined origin were among dogs thought to be in the genetic mixture. By the time AKC was established in 1884, a certain Chessie type had been established. (Colored regional breed names for chess of the era included Red Chester and Brown Wter.)
To understand the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, you must understand the Chesapeake Bay. For this purpose, this 200-mile-long estuary, surrounded by Maryland and Virginia, has two major features. First, because the bay is relatively shallow, it has little capacity for heat storage; In the early winter, the water temperature decreases around freezing and remains there until the spring.
Second, the Chesapeake Bay is known as the Atlantic Flyway, a flight route taken by ducks and geese to their winter homes. Every year, the Gulf hosts a third of all migratory waterfowl winters on the east coast.
Old-time sportsmen hoped to take advantage of this duck hunter's paradise, which was built in a well suited to the waters of the bay. The thick, oily, double coat of the chassis is both insulating and waterproof; The way a duck's feathers have a lot of moisture in it. His wide chest acts as a plow against the snowflake and a powerful barrier, and the large netting legs enable him to swim tirelessly against the strong winds swirling in the bay. Ideally equipped to perform its primary function, it has been reported that some chessies are capable of receiving up to 300 ducks in a single day. Whether it is true or simply a boast of predators, it conveys an essential truth: Chassie is a reliable, undisputed retriever.
Happily, Chessie is not a trick dog. These perceptive and sensitive souls make excellent medical workers. Their strong construction and intense smell capability are highly valued by K-9 handlers in the search and rescue operations and drug and bomb detection. And his dashing good looks and athleticism benefit greatly from show rings and a variety of dog sports.