Origin: United States
Dog Breed Group: Sled dogs
Life Span: 10-15 years
Weight: Male: 25-40, Female: 22-30
Height: Male: 24-26, Female: 22-24
Origin of Name: The Chinook is a breed of sled dog, developed in the state of New Hampshire during the early 20th century.
|Size||Temperament||Shedding||Drooling||Monthly keeping cost|
Chinook was founded by adventurer and polar explorer Arthur Treadwell Walden of Wenlanket, New Hampshire. In 1896, a 24-year-old New England pioneer led Alaska to the height of the Gold Rush. For six years, Walden worked as a prophet, stevedore, logger, riverboat pilot, and most importantly sled-dog driver, in Klondike.
By the time Walden returned to his hometown, he was a dedicated Musheer who designed his own line of sledged dogs. As his foundation stock, Walden used a Mastiff-type dog and was a descendant of one of Greenland's husbands of Admiral Robert Peary. The puppies he planted were acclaimed for the sledging ability around them and an affectionate, affectionate nature. Walden named the breed after the dog Chinook, the head of his sled team. (Chinook is an American native term, meaning ""hot air."") This dog was the grandson of the breed and on which all Chinooks trace their ancestry.
Walden's breeding program was a resounding success, and she and her new breed became well known in the sledding circle. His fame was soon eclipsed, however, by Len Sepala and his Siberian Huskies, who went to Nome, Alaska, as international celebrities for the 1925 ""Serum Run"".
Walden and his Chinook team organized a 1928 celebration for Antarctica with Admiral Richard Bird. Bird was impressed by the grit of 58-year-old Walden and his 11-year-old lead dog Chinook. He wrote, ""Walden's single team of thirteen dogs supplied 3,500 pounds from ship to base, each traveling 16 miles, in two journeys. Walden's team was the backbone of our transportation.""
Walden died in 1947, while saving his wife's life from a fire that destroyed his Vananchal farmhouse. In later years, they reduced the number of the breed to the point of extinction. In 1965, Guinness World Records listed the Chinook as a rare dog breed, with only 125 known specimens. This number was further reduced before dedicated Chinook enthusiasts around the world and gradually brought the breed back from the brink. His hard work paid off in 2013, when Chinook joined the AKC Working Group. Chinook is the official state dog of New Hampshire.