Origin: United Kingdom (England)
Dog Breed Group: Gun Dog
Life Span: 10-14 years
Weight: Male: 20-22, Female: 16-18
Height: Male: 19-20, Female: 18-19
Origin of Name: The English Springer Spaniel is a breed of gun dog in the Spaniel family.
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Throughout the long history of the history of Britain's land, dogs were described as ""cockers"" or ""springers"", often bred in the same litter. Many generations of careful, purposeful breeding preceded game spaniels such as English Springer Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and Field Spaniels as we know today that different breeds can be sorted.
England's Springer-type spaniels first emerged centuries ago, working on upland game birds. Prior to the invention of wheel-lock firearms in the 17th century, the Springing Spaniels teamed up with hunters, who brought down their quarry with a net, falcon, or bow, or some combination of these. After the hunting rifle revolutionized the sport, Springers quickly gained a reputation as a keen and reliable goon.
The English springer's job is to locate birds with high grass or bramble, flush or ""spring"" birds from their cover, then point and retrieve the bird below. Ethnicity literature tells us that Springer will work continuously throughout the day in the field and then, in the words of a historian, ""will retire for easy companionship of family, hearth, and home after a good day's hunting.""
At the first British dog show, in the 1870s, English and Welsh Springer Spaniels were displayed as a single breed. It held until 1902, when the Kennel Club (England) recognized the two springers separately. The English Springers gained their first great North American fame in the 1920s, and they soon made a mark in the bird regions of the US and Canada as a tough but stylish goon. The English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association, the AKC parent club of the breed, held its first meeting in 1924. In recent years, the breed's train capability, durability, and deep nose have been used in K-9 detection work.