Used in the early 19th century by herds of dogs and the Reverend John Russell, the Jack Russell Terrier has its origins in modern Fox terriers and is generally parson Russell Terrier The American Kennel Club (AKC) and affiliate variant) and Russell Terrier. Although considered by many to be similar to or different from the Paras Russell Terrier, Jack Russell fans consider it a unique work terrier breed, while the Parson Russell is a breeding breed. Jack Russell is a widespread type and the name is often mistaken for any small white-haired terrier breed. The typical “Jack Russell Terrier” should be within the size range of 10–15 , the Parson Russell is typically the bottom size with a standard size of 12–14 , while the Russell Terrier is the smallest at 8–12 . However, each breed has different physical proportions according to the standards of its breed clubs.
The Jack Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier are considered to be one in many of the same breed, saving different breed standards. From 1997–2003, those members of the breed between 13–14 were recognized as Jack Russell Terriers by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The 14- standard was used by the AKC by the Russell Russell Terrier Association of America (JRTAA). Founded in 1985, JRTAA was also the official breed parent club within the AKC at the time. However, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA), established in 1976, felt that the standard two were restrictive and required a height of 10–15 instead. By 2003, the fighting and estrangement between the radicals on both sides led the AKC to change the name of the Paras Russell Terrier. The dogs were first registered as Jack Russell Terriers and then became known as Parson Russell Terriers. The JRTAA also changed its name to the Paras Russell Terrier Association of America (PRTAA) and remained the official official Diamond Club.
It did not accept the name Ter Jack Russell Terrier within AKC but went away. JRTCA remained active and firm in its opinion that the “”Real Jack Russell Terrier”” could be any height between 10 “”and 15″” and that there was no “”ideal”” shape; As the owner is the ideal size to do the work that is needed today, JRTCA calls itself “”the National Breed Club and Registry for Jack Russell Terrier in the United States and the largest Jack Russell Terrier Club and Registry in the world”” Tells. “”
There remains considerable disagreement among breeders, fanatics, kennel clubs, and experts on how to treat the difference between the Jack Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier. The most common treatment is the Paras Russell Terrier considered as the distortion show variety of the Jack Russell Terrier breed. It is a treatment shared by almost every major national and international kennel club, including AKC. The UKC further confuses the issue by calling its dogs the Parson Russell Terrier, but use the broader Jack Russell Terrier standard. In short, the UKC is saying that the two breeds are the same, and the official breed name is the Parson Russell Terrier.
However, many organizations take different stances. Many members of the PRTAA believe that the Jack Russell Terrier is not a breed, but rather a common type of dog that is similar to a retriever or spaniel. Similarly, while most JRTCA members consider the Parson Russell Terrier to be a variant of the Jack Russell Terrier, others argue that since the breed does not require the ability to register, these dogs are not Jack Russell Terriers. The Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) and the New Zealand Kennel Club (NZK) are the only two major canine bodies that consider the Jack Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier as two unique breeds and register them as such.
Thanks to the breeds numerous appearances on film and television, the Jack Russell Terrier is one of the most recognizable dog breeds in the world. The Jack Russell Terrier closely resembles the original working style of the Fox Terrier, which is actually the Jack Russell Terrier. JRTCA wants as much genetic diversity in its Jack Russell terriers as possible, and as a result the breed is significantly more variable than most purebred dog breeds. It is a small terrier breed, and the length of the breed members should be between 10 and 15.
The specific weight range for the Jack Russell Terrier is 14 to 18 pounds, although Working Dogs may weigh slightly less. As with all dog breeds, male Jack Russell terriers are slightly larger than females, although this breed exhibits the lowest sexual dimorphism. The Jack Russell Terrier exhibits a greater range of body and leg types than most breeds. While many Jack Russell terriers are long-legged, one with a balanced body proportion to the foxhound, others are short-legged and long-bodied like a corgi, though not at the peak of those breeds. Breeders strongly desire for this breed to maintain its working instincts and as a result this breed is exceptionally muscular for its size. The tail of the Jack Russell Terrier is about four long, and is firmly enough. This tail is usually straightened.
Jack Russell has a head and a muzzle that are well proportioned with the dog’s body shape. The muzzle should be slightly less than the length of the head. The snout of the breed is not too wide, and tapers slightly towards the end. There is usually a black nose at the end of the muzzle. A Jack Russell Terrier’s eyes should be almond shaped and dark colored. The overall expression of the Jack Russell terrier is one of energy and determination. Jack Russell Terriers are known for their distinctive ears. These ears are partially upright, but folded in the front. The ears are forward and usually high on the head.
Jack Russell Terrier’s coat comes in three varieties, smooth, rough and broken. These three varieties include short to medium length fur. Additionally, all three varieties have a double coat, with an undercoat of soft fur. Smooth coated dogs have smooth fur, which should be dense enough to provide some protection from the elements and cuts and should never be silky. Both Wishbone and Jim Carrey’s dog in The Mask were played by the smooth-coated Jack Russell Terriers. The Rough Coated Jack Russell Terrier has a traditional breed terrier coat, which is found on breeds such as the Cairn Terrier or The Wire Fox Terrier. Eddie from Frazier was played by a thick-coat Jack Russell terrier. Broken-coated Jack Russell Terriers have a coat that is smooth and rough. These dogs often have long hair on their faces, giving them the impression of having a beard or goatee. Neither the rough nor the torn coat Russell Russells should have a woolen coat.
Jack Russell Terriers must be predominantly white in color, and their coats must be at least 51% white. Most Jack Russell Terriers are probably close to 80% to 90% white. These dogs are most commonly white on their abdomen, legs, arms and tail. This breed usually has brown, tan, or black markings. Most dogs have only one color marking, although some may be triangular colored dogs. Brindle marking in the Jack Russell Terrier is unacceptable. The most common locations for markings are on the ears, above the eyes, and on the sides.
The gestation period in lasts for 60-64 days The primary period of the reproductive cycle of the female is called Proestrus and goes on for around 9 days. During this time the females begin to draw in males. The subsequent part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive to the male. It goes on for around 3 to 11 days. The third part is the Diestrus. Usually, it happens around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for distinctive red and reaching its end. The vulva gets back to average, and she will no longer allow mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time span between heat periods ordinarily keeps going around a half year. The litter size ranges between 6 to 8 puppies at a time.
The Jack Russell Terrier has lower grooming requirements than most terriers. All three coat strands will heal with a regular and thorough brushing with a wire brush. This breed will not require professional grooming until it is shown. Rough and broken coated dogs should be stripped for the show ring. This does not mean that the Jack Russell Terrier is not a shader. In fact, this breed is considered a heavy cheddar. Rough coated Jack Russell Terriers flow with similar coats as most breeds, although not to the extent of smooth coated dogs. It has been said that the smooth coated Jack Russell Terriers shed heavily once a year, for only 365 days. Broken coated dogs shed an intermediate amount, depending on how their coat is. If you own a Jack Russell Terrier, you will have dog hair on your floor, furniture and clothing. If you or someone in your family is allergic or simply hates the idea of constantly cleaning dog hair, then this is definitely not the ideal breed for you.
As with all breeds, initial socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This breed has a reputation for being difficult to house. However, in every other case, it is very easy to train them. For example, They like to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards rather than harsh or negative methods. This breed is required to live with his family and is likely to result in undesirable behaviour if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.
This breed is classified as “”somewhat active””, but is average. Long segments of quiet activity are often spread with brief bursts of high activity, often simply moving around the house or yard. In addition to walking, daily play sessions are required. Another dog can be a good exercise partner, but they will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fence-backed backyard is a good idea; Bichons are surprisingly fast, and if someone makes a dash for freedom, it can be difficult to catch or call you back. They enjoy obedience, agility and participating in rally competitions.
They should perform well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially manufactured or prepared with the supervision and approval of your vet. Any diet should be appropriate for the age of the dog (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are at risk of being overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treatment training can be an important aid, but giving too much can lead to obesity. Know which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, check with your vet. Clean, fresh water must be available at all times.
While this is the case for most dog breeds, the Jack Russell Terrier’s health is highly dependent on the breeder and line. Jack Russell Terriers has many lines to work with and shows that have been tied very carefully over many generations. These dogs must exhibit high work capacity and genetic problems will not be tolerated. Healthy Jack Russell Terriers have the highest life expectancy of any dog breed, and regularly live from 13 to 16 years. It is not unknown for members of the breed to live up to 18 years. However, as the breed grew in popularity, many disputed breeders breed substandard dogs. These Jack Russell Terriers are likely to suffer from several health problems. Always be very careful when selecting a Jack Russell Terrier breeder to ensure that they are reputable.
A common problem experienced by Jack Russell Terriers is known as leg perth. Leg pain is a foot disease in many small dogs. The disease is characterized by rapid degeneration of the femur and hip, resulting in osteoarthritis. This condition usually appears at an early age. This condition is quite serious and can cause intense pain and often lameness, as the dog is unable to put weight on that leg. Although the condition is irreversible, there are many treatment options.
It is always advisable to have your pet tested by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals and / or the Canine Eye Registration Foundation, especially if you intend to breed. OFA and CERF test for various genetically inherited disorders such as blindness and hip dysplasia that may affect your dog or its descendants.
A list of health problems commonly found in the Jack Russell Terrier should include: