Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 12-15 years
Weight: Male: 10-14, Female: 9-13.5
Height: Male: 17-18, Female: 16-17
Origin of Name: The Norrbottenspets has traditionally been kept as a hunting dog in Northern Sweden.
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For centuries, people of the world's most northern cult have known a type of dog known as the breed. These Nordic breeds can be dainty just like the Allscan Malamute or like the Pomeranian, but the Spitz types share some traits. They have a deep tail that is tightly folded at the back, a wedge-shaped head that is usually a fox-like expression and erect. Norbotenspets (not-bo-tn-spets) are members of this ancient clan of cold weather predators and workers.
Norbotenspets (or Norbotenspitz in English) means Spitz from North Bothonia County and probably originated from the small Lyca type Spitz that was known to live with prey in prehistoric times in the North Cape region; Small prey spitzes have survived for thousands of years through natural selection. In the very harsh areas of the northern parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula, survival was needed for food and fur hunting. Precious furs such as sable, marten-skin and ermine were the only legitimate currency for centuries. When fur prices fell drastically after World War II, interest for Norbotenspitz increased. The breed disappeared and there was no registration for many years; Hence the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK) declared it extinct. But only a decade later, there were reports that some true-to-type specimens were found in the inland region of North Bornea to see dogs living as pets and in small homes. Due to the very dedicated work of some men, this old type of hunting spitz was saved. In 1967, Norbottenspitz was reintroduced to the registry in Sweden and a new standard was created. FCI accepted the new breed standard and the official name became Norbottenspenet.
Following the desire of the Swedish Cannel Club, the Finns began a search in the remote countryside of northern Finland for native dogs, which matched the standard for broadening the gene pool. They were successful and most of the foundation dogs came from Finland. The studbook is still open in Finland, but was closed in Sweden in the 1980s. Norbrotenspets has a population of about 1600 in Sweden and 1300 in Finland, with individuals scattered in a few tens worldwide.
In November 2007, Norbottenspets was accepted for the Foundation Stock Service of the American Kennel Club. As of November 2012, 181 Norbotenspets, 175 of these 3-generation pedigresses, were recorded with the Foundation Stock Service of the American Kennel Club.