Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 11-13 years
Weight: Male: 2.5-3, Female: 2.5-3
Height: Male: 8-11, Female: 8-11
Origin of Name: The Russian Toy is a very small breed of dog originally bred in Russia from the English Toy Terrier.
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The history of Russian toys began with English stock and in the early 18th century when the English toy terrier came to Russia. Evidence of this can be seen at the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg, where a small black and tan terrier preserved specimen from 1716–1725 is on display. The specimen stands about 14 on the withering people with the inscription: ""The dog of the sleek haired terrier breed named Lisetta, was personally of Peter the Great.""
During the 18th century in Russia, it became popular to import English toy terriers. Socialites loved these dogs because of their small size and lively nature. Appearing in public with a well-behaved little terrier at social events and operas became quite stylish. The Toy Terrier became a ""living assistant"" of sorts for the upper class people.
In the early 20th century, the number of these toy dogs had increased and the breed was no longer a rarity, but became a status symbol. However, the breed was no longer known as the English toy terrier. In Russia, it was known simply as the Russian (Ruski) toy terrier.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 almost ended the Russian toy. Breeding of dogs for companionship was prohibited and the fate of the Russian toy was uncertain. After Stalin's death, a concentrated effort was made in several regions of the Soviet Union, including Moscow, Leningrad, Sverdlovsk and Irkutsk, to restore Russian toys to prominence. Whether a mutation or the inclusion of other unknown small breeds in different lines, a unique puppy was born in 1958. This son of a pair of smooth-coated parents became the foundation of a modern day long coat (called a Moscow long-haired toy). Terrier in the early years). The first official standard for two breed varieties was written in 1966. In the 1980s, a new breed standard announced that the Moscow Long Hair Toy Terrier and the Russian Toy Terrier are actually two varieties of the same breed. In 2006, in addition to the Russian toy in the FCI list of recognized breeds, the ""Terrier"" was removed from the breed's name and is now called the Russian Toy, with both long and smooth coat varieties.