Origin: Italy, Switzerland
Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life Span: 10-12 years
Weight: Male: 64-82, Female: 55-64
Height: Male: 28-30, Female: 26-28
Origin of Name: The Saint Bernard is a breed of very large working dog from the Western Alps in Italy/Switzerland.
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In the year 1050, at a snowy pass within the Alps, a monk named Bernard of Menthan (later canonical) established a hospice to assist pilgrims traveling to Rome. It was treacherous to cross the pass at an elevation of 6,000 feet above sea level, with an elevation of 60 feet. Over the centuries, the monks of Dharamshala developed powerful Working Dogs who were able to locate and rescue lucky travelers buried by drift and avalanches. Myth busted: Dogs near Great St. Bernard did not carry a brandy keg around their throats.